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15 July 2015

Home > About Hunan > Transportation


Hunan has basically formed an integrated traffic system featuring external and internal connections, coverage of both urban and rural areas and full functions. Since the beginning of the 13th Five-year Plan period (2016-2020), Hunan has advanced key transportation projects and establishment of comprehensive transportation system as fundamental tasks of high-quality development. The transportation facilities and operational efficiency have been improved. In 2019, Hunan’s turnover volume of passenger and freight transport was 566 billion ton-km, increasing by 11.1% over the end of the 12th Five-year Plan period.

Metro Lines

Changsha Metro Line 2, the first and a core line of east-west rail transit in Changsha, was open to traffic in December 2013. It runs through 3 passenger hubs of the city (West Station of Changsha, Changsha Railway Station and Changsha South Railway Station) and 4 passenger flow collector-distributor centers (Yinwanzhen, Wuyi Square, Furong Square and Yuanjialing). The underground line stretches as long as 22.262 kilometers, consisting of 19 stations, among which 6 are transfer stations.

Changsha Metro Line 2 westward extension began operation in 2015 end,extending from Wangchengpo Station to Meixi Lake area, which adds the total distance of Metro Line 2 to 26.579 km. (Find more info at "Celebrating the Opening of Changsha Metro Line 2" >>)

Changsha Metro Line 1 (PhaseⅠ), Changsha's second subway line, starts from Kaifu District Government Station in the north, and ends up at Shangshuangtang Station in the south. It was started construction at the end of 2010, and has been put into trail operation since June 29, 2016. (Find more info at "Congratulations on the Opening of Changsha Metro Line 1" >>)

Changsha Metro Line 4 (PhaseⅠ), Changsha’s third subway line, began construction in late 2014, and opens to trial operation on May 26, 2019. It connects the east and west banks of the Xiangjiang River, and is an important part of Changsha’s “Union Jack” shaped subway plan. (Find more infor at “Changsha Metro Line 4 >>)

Line 3 (PhaseⅠ) runs from southwest to northeast, connecting Yuelu, Tianxin, Yuhua, Furong, Kaifu Districts, and Changsha County. It started trial run in December 30, 2019, and trial operation on June 28, 2020.

Line 5 (PhaseⅠ) runs from north to south, with a total length of 22.5km. It was put into trial operation on June 28, 2020. 

(Find more info at "Changsha Metro Line 3 & 5">>)

Changsha Metro Line 6 runs from Gaoxin District in the west, to Huanghua Airport West Station in the east. The line runs through Wangcheng, Yuelu, Kaifu, Furong, Yuhua Districts, and Changsha County. 

Road & Highway

The total mileage of expressways in service was 6,802 km, including 1,151 km of newly-built ones, ranking 7th nationwide. All counties, county-level cities, and rural districts can be reached through expressways within 2020. 

There are 19 railway and 25 expressway accesses to adjacent provinces. All expressway toll booths at provincial borders were cancelled. A two-hour province-wide high-speed railway transport circle has been developed, and Beijing, Shanghai, Shenzhen, and Guangzhou can be reached within 5, 4, 3, and 2 hours. A four-hour expressway transport circle was formed. 

The total mileage of rural roads of the whole province has amounted to 202 thousand kilometers. Asphalt (cement) roads have all been fixed in all of the villages, towns, and established villages with qualified requirements. Passenger buses have been available in all of the townships, while the established villages equipped with passenger bus services account for 98.91%.


Hunan is a water province, centered on the Dongting Lake and including the Xiangjiang, Zijiang, Yuanjiang and Lishui trunk rivers. A complex water network links up the whole province.Total inland waterway mileage hit 12,000 km, ranking third nationwide. The thousand-ton-and-above waterways reached 1,139 km, with 112 thousand-ton-and-above berths.  

The Chenglingji Port in Yueyang is the only deepwater harbor connecting the rivers and the seas along Yangtze River in Hunan Province. The seagoing vessels with a capacity of 10,000 tons can go directly to the port. Up to 2025, the port’s designed annual container throughput will reach 800,000 FEUs, making it a competitive leading port along the middle and upper reaches of the Yangtze River over Chongqing and Wuhan.It also has direct routes to Hong Kong and Macao, and can transfer to maritime transport to ASEAN countries and Australia.  

Chenglingji Port of Yueyang has been officially included in the first batch of designated ports for imported grain in China, and was the first authorized finished vehicles import port in central China, with its first batch of vehicles being approved for licensing on March 1st, 2016.

Changsha New Port has seven regional branch routes for international containers, and has initiated over 10 international routes to Korea, Japan, West of America, Europe, Australia, Africa, Eest of South America, and Mediterranean. The port has over 40 liners for import and export of international containers. As they enter the Xiangjiang River, freights are shipped to base ports all over the world via Shanghai port in Yangtze River. In this manner, an advantageous waterway network system, spreading globally and reaching various rivers and oceans, is established covering over 60% of load/ unload of containers in regional branch routes of Changsha and central Hunan. Within the single July of 2013, the container throughput of the port reaches 9,725, a year-on-year growth of 20%. Currently, the third phase of construction is under progress in Changsha New Port, whose annual throughput is expected to reach 10 million tons after the implementation.


The 372 operational civil air routes connect Hunan with 142 domestic and international airports in five continents.

The airports across Hunan handled over 33.6 million passenger trips, 258,000 flights, and 178,000 tons of cargo in 2019, which respectively register an increase of 11.3%, 9.8%, and 13% over last year. The number of international passenger trips hit 3 million, up 17%. Fifty new air routes were operated, linking to 115 domestic and 51 international airports. 

Changsha Huanghua International Airport has 35 new air routes in 2019, including 8 international and 27 domestic ones. The number of airports linked with Changsha increased from 143 in 2018 to 155 today. The new routes include: an intercontinental route to Nairobi (Kenya); Asian routes to Mandalay (Myanmar), Bandar Seri Begawan (Brunei), Van Don (Vietnam), Nagoya (Japan), Kathmandu (Nepal), and Macao (China); domestic routes to Korla, Datong, Qianjiang, Shangri-La, and Ganzhou. 

Changsha has broadened its 4-hour economic circle through aviation, based on the three-year airline route development plan, discount measures, innovative aviation-tourism integration, and new air route promotions. Now the circle covers 34 cities in 16 countries and regions, and 2.56 million passenger trips within the circle were handled, increasing by 12.9%. 

The international cargo throughput saw a rapid growth. Facing a sluggish domestic and global economy, Changsha airport opened new all-cargo flights to Bangkok and New York, and increased its 6 all-cargo routes to six. The international cargo throughput hit 51,000 tons in 2019, up 73% over last year. 

Regional airports grow in an all-around way. In 2019, Hunan’s regional airports handled more than 3.8 million passenger trips and 37,654 flights, registering an increase of 38% and 30% respectively.

Zhangjiajie Hehua Airport handled 2.87 million passenger trips and 25,400 flights, up 29.9% and 24.3%. The international passenger trips were 330,000, making an increase of 99.3%. Seven new air routes were operated, linking Zhangjiajie to Siem Reap (Cambodia), Osaka (Japan), Manila (the Philippines), and Seoul and Chungju (South Korea). 

Changde Airport opened its first direct flight to Bangkok, and thus became Hunan’s third international airport. 

In 2019, both Changde and Hengyang airports saw a passenger throughput of more than one million.

Nanyue Airport in Hengyang officially opened for business in December 2014. By the end of 2018, it has operated flights to 23 capital cities and key domestic tourist cities. There are dozens of airlines in the airport, such as China Eastern Airlines, Southern Airlines, and Hainan Airlines. It handled 816,232 trips in 2018, ranking second among Hunan’s regional airports. 

Zhangjiajie Hehua Airport was renamed Zhangjiajie Hehua International Airport on 19 September, 2017, as Hunan’s second international airport. It operates 42 flights of 15 airline companies to the main cities and hot destinations at home and abroad, including those to Hong Kong, Macau, Taiwan, South Korea, and Southeast Asian cities such as Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City, Djakarta, and Bangkok. Its annual passenger throughput broke through two million in November 2018, making it a nationally middle-sized airport. 

Yueyang Sanhe Airport was officially opened to traffic in December 2018. It has introduced four airlines, including Juneyao Air, Chengdu Airlines, and Chongqing Airlines; and, operated flights to Beijing, Shanghai, Chengdu, Kunming, Chongqing, Guiyang, Hangzhou, Nanning, Xiamen, Qingdao, Harbin, Jinan, Weihai, and Zhoushan. As of October 2019, it has operated 4,588 flights, with an overall passenger load factor exceeding 81%. A total of 465,000 passenger trips have been handled, ranking fifth among Hunan’s airports.

Changde Taohuayuan Airport, the third international airport in Hunan, opened its international service on December 8, 2019. One international flight between Changde and Bangkok is operated during the three-month temporary opening period. It has 13 air routes linking with 19 cities including Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou, and Shenzhen, and operates 204 flights every week. It has become one of China’s regional airports with annual passenger throughput of more than one million.


Hunan has a developed railway system. Seven main railway lines – Jingguang (Beijing-Guangzhou), Hukun (Shanghai-Kunming), Xiangqian (Zhuzhou-Guiyang), Zhegan (Hangzhou-Zhuzhou), Xianggui (Hunan-Guangxi), Shichang (Shimenxian-Changsha), and Jiaoliu (Jiaozuo-Liuzhou) railways, pass through the province.

During the 13th Five-year Plan period, Hunan has built 991 km of new railway. The total mileage of operational railway reached 5,582 km, among which the mileage of high-speed railway was 1,986 km, ranking third nationwide. Twelve cities and prefecture can be reached through railway.

The north-south Beijing-Guangzhou High-speed Railway, a key part of Chinese "eight vertical and eight horizontal" high-speed railway network, and the world's longest high-speed rail, runs through Hunan. Its Wuhan-Guangzhou section (Wuguang High-speed Railway) opened to traffic in December 2009. It shortened the journey from Changsha to Wuhan to one hour, to Guangzhou two hours, and to Beijing five hours. 

Hukun (Shanghai to Kunming) High-speed Railway went into operation on December, 2014. It reduced travel time between Changsha and Shanghai to 4 hours and 26 minutes, and that between Changsha and Hangzhou to 3 hours and 38 minutes.

Yuchangxia (Chongqing-Changsha-Xiamen) High-speed Railway, a part of Chinese "Eight Vertical and Eight Horizontal" railway network, has three sections in Hunan – Qianjiang (Chongqing)-Zhangjiajie-Changde, Chengde-Yiyang-Changsha, and Changsha-Ganzhou (Jiangxi Province). The Changsha-Ganjiang section is on preliminaries. The Qianjiang-Zhangjaijie-Changde section started trial operation in November, 2019.

Maglev Express

Changsha Meglev Express project, China's first domestically designed and manufactured magnetic levitation line, was started on May, 2014.

The maglev shuttles between Changsha South Railway Station and Huanghua International Airport, with a one-way journey of 18.55 km. The 48-meter-long train can carry 363 people in three carriages. The planned maximum speed is 100 km per hour.

The Meglev Express began trial operation on May 6, 2016.

(Find more info about Changsha Meglev Express at "Changsha's Maglev Opens to Traffic" >>)

Chang-Zhu-Tan Intercity Railway

The Changsha-Zhuzhou-Xiangtan Intercity Railway starts runs of the whole line on December 26, 2017. This double-tracked intercity railway connecting Changsha, Zhuzhou and Xiangtan covers a total length of 104.36 km, running at a maximum speed of 200 km per hour. The commuting time among the three cities would be shortened in 30 minutes.

It is a core project of the “3+5” intercity railway transport network of Hunan Province. The construction starting on Sep. 30, 2010, with a total investment of 24.05 billion yuan. The 95.5-kilometer-long rail is a two-lane passenger-dedicated line covering 21 stations in total.

(Find more info at the special report "Changsha-Zhuzhou-Xiangtan Intercity Railway" >>)


International Railway Freight Trains

The first direct international railway freight trains from Hunan to Europe opened to operation in October, 2014. The lines of the freight trains is composed of a primary line and two auxiliary lines. The main line sets out from Changsha, leaves the country from Manzhouli (Machchuria) of Inner Mongolia, travels across Russia, Belarus, Poland and finally arrives in Duisburg of Germany, covering a distance of 11,905 km and runs for 16 to 18 days. Goods transported are mainly auto parts, porcelain, display screens, intelligence toys, and tea.

One auxiliary line starts from Changsha, leaves the country at Alashankou Port of Xinjiang, travels across Kazakhstan and finally arrives in Tashkent of Uzbekistan, covering 6,476 km for 11 days. The other auxiliary line leaves the country from Manzhouli of Inner Mongolia, and finally arrive in Moscow of Russia covering 10,090 km for 15 days.

The first two-way regular operation of the freight train was completed on Aug. 8, 2017, departing from Hamburg, Germany and passing through Poland, Belarus, and Russia.

There are now five Hunan-Europe Express lines access to Hamburg and Duisburg of Germany, Minsk of Belarus, Malaszewicze of Poland, and Budapest of Hungary. They also link 10 countries including Germany, Ukraine, Russia, Hungary, and Latvia and cover 13 major cities along the lines.