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15 July 2015

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Miao Embroidery




The embroidery of Miao ethnic group has been included in the first batch of national intangible cultural heritage list. In recent years, Huayuan County has invested more than four million yuan in developing new crafts and products of the Miao embroidery and brocade, and training and passing on the technique. It has strongly supported the development of the industry of the Miao embroidery, listing it as a key task of poverty alleviation and introduced it to the market while encouraging better perseverance of the culture. The annual output value of Miao embroidery industry has exceeded one hundred million yuan. Its products have been exported to more than ten overseas countries including Japan, the United States, Germany, France, and Australia.

The photos above show the Miao women of Shibadong Village, Shuanglong Town, Huayuan County are busy embroidering the Miao embroidery products. 

Chinese source:




Embroidery skills are commonly used in Miao people's life. From teenage girls to old women graying at the temples, almost every woman is good at embroidering.

One of the characters of the Miao embroidery is that its color is rich and sprightly which makes people feel bright, clear and passionate. Red and green are main colors in the Miao embroidery and they are supplemented by other colors. The designs are dense which makes the colors more gorgeous, rich and splendid.

Another character is that the shapes and lines are exaggerated and vivid. Figures of the Miao embroidery come from daily life, but they don't simply reflect life. It is on the basis of careful observation and experience by the Miao women. Through artistic abstraction, it is bravely exaggerated and deformed which expresses the aesthetic feeling and ideal of the creators.

The third character is that the shapes are symmetric and harmonious, and the patterns are natural. Dragon, phoenix, flower, grass, worm, fish, etc should all be symmetrically arranged, especially in stitching embroidery.

The forth character is that different patterns of images are put together freely, which is full of temperament and interest. Every picture is poured out completely by creators' imagination and affection. (Source: