The Official Website of the People’s Government of Hunan Province Mobile 中文 Francais 한국어 日本語

15 July 2015

Home > About Hunan > Service Sector

Service Sectors

Tourism Industry



Located in the south central part of the Chinese mainland, Hunan has long been known for its natural beauty. Its mixture of mountains and water makes it among the most beautiful provinces in China. As the cradle of Huxiang Culture, Hunan boasts profound cultural deposits and abundant sites of historic significance and cultural heritages, which attract tourists from all over the world.


According to the Hunan Provincial Statistics Bureau data, the added value of Hunan's tourism industry and its related industry in 2017 reached 203.621 billion CNY, up 15.67% over the previous year (when not considering price factors).


As of 2017 end, the added value of tourism and its related sectors in eight cities each exceeded 10 billion CNY, namely Changsha, Zhuzhou, Xiangtan, Hengyang, Yueyang, Changde, Zhangjiajie, and Chenzhou.


Zhangjiajie City and Xiangxi Tujia and Miao Autonomous Prefecture contributed the most to Hunan's economy. The proportion of the added value of their tourism and the related sectors accounted for 32.16% and 15.45% of the provincial GDP respectively, ranking the first two places in the province.


Science & Technology


Hunan Province holds a leading position in science and technology among the central provinces of China.


The number employed in science and technology exceeds one million in Hunan. There are 86 academicians of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and the Chinese Academy of Engineering, represented by several world-renowned scientists, including Yuan Longping, "Father of Hybrid Rice", Lu Guangxiu, the first Chinese geneticist to research in vitro fertilization, and Huang Boyun, an expert in new materials.



In order to promote its scientific and technological competitiveness, the province also supported and carried forward a number of major science & technology projects in key technical areas. Tianhe-2 supercomputer developed by National University of Defense Technology obtained championships in supercomputing; the Sany transfer pump set a new world performance record; and a number of technologies of the CSR Zhuzhou Electric Locomotive Co., Ltd occupied first place in the country and even in the world, with its urban light rail trains exported to the Middle East. "Hunan technologies" and "Hunan inventions" are taking big strides forward in the rest of the world.


There were 4 national and 67 provincial engineering research centersin Hunan by the end of 2016. 15 national-provincial joint engineering researchcenters and 32 engineering laboratories were set up. 14 national engineering(technology) research centers and 243 engineering (technology) research centersat the provincial level were established. There were 16 national keylaboratories and 164 key laboratories at the provincial level as well as 45national-recognized enterprise technology centers. A total of 3,976 technologytransfer contracts were signed, representing 10.56 billion yuan in value. Thenumber of registered scientific research results reached 694, among which, 11won National Scientific and Technological Advancement Awards, two won NationalAwards for Technological Invention, and one National Natural Science Awards.The super hybrid rice average yield was 1,088 kilograms per hundred mu, hittinga world record again. A series of hi-tech products including the first trainwholly equipped with permanent magnet tractor system were successfullydeveloped. New technological breakthrough was made in pancreatic islets(langerhans) xenotransplantation. The number of patent applications andauthorized patents reached 67,779 and 25,524 respectively, increased by 24.4percent and 30.9 percent. Of this total, 34,050 patent applications fororiginal inventions were accepted, down by 0.1 percent; and 6,967 patents forsuch inventions were authorized, up by 2.8 percent. The number of patentapplications for enterprises, universities and colleges, and scientificresearch institutes reached 32,343, 11,973 and 783 respectively, while thenumber of authorized patents were 16,723, 5,881 and 369. The value-added of newand high-technology industry was 685.92 billion yuan, up by 16.0 percent.



By the end of 2016, 1,665 testing organizations for productinspection have been established in Hunan. Of which, there were 23 nationalproduct quality supervision and inspection centers, and 103 legal agencies formetrology verification. There were 1,685 special equipment manufacturers and274 thousand such facilities across the province. 5,485 batches of keyindustrial products were under quality random inspection, with a qualificationrate of 95.1%, 1.7 percentage points higher than that of last year. Hunan hasinvolved in the development of 21 international standards and 27 nationalstandards, and established 245 local standards. The departments of land andresources published 47 kinds of maps, witnessed 489 thousand visits to MAPWORLD, and offered 239 thousand fundamental geographic information data.


Data source: Statistical Communiqué on Hunan's Economic and Social Development in 2016


Finance & Insurance


Hunan's total fiscal revenue reached 425.21 billion yuan in 2016, up by 6.0 percent compared with the previous year, and local fiscal revenue, totaling 269.79 billion yuan, increased by 7.3 percent. Of the total, tax revenue and nontax revenue reached 155.13 billion yuan (a 1.6 percent increase) and 114.66 billion yuan (a 16.1 percent increase) respectively. Tax revenue turned over to the central government was tied with the previous year of 114.22 billion yuan, including 37.11 billion yuan income tax, a 6.7 percent increase. Hunan’s fiscal expenditure totaled 633.7 billion yuan, up by 10.6 percent. The expenditures for social security and employment, urban and rural communities affairs, poverty alleviation, as well as culture, sports and media were 88.24, 68.38, 9.06 and 15.5 billion yuan, up by 13.2 percent, 24.0 percent, 1.4 times and 38.7 percent respectively.


Savings deposits in RMB and foreign currencies in all items of financial institutions totaled 4,199.67 billion yuan at the end of the year, an increase of 15.9 percent compared with that at the end of the previous year. Of the total, savings deposit of households and non-financial enterprises were 2,124.21 billion yuan and 1,228.09 billion yuan, up by 13.0 percent and 24.6 respectively. By the end of the year, loans in RMB and foreign currencies in all items of financial institutions totaled 2,753.23 billion yuan, up by 13.7 percent. Of the total, loans for households, and loans for non-financial enterprises and government agencies and organizations were 912.43 and 1,834.23 billion yuan, up by 17.2 and 12.3 percent respectively.


There were 104 listed companies in Hunan Province by the end of 2016, among which 88 are listed at home and 16 listed overseas. Five new listed companies were added in the year. The direct financing of the province totaled 314.71 billion yuan, up by 27.6 percent. Of the total, 22.16 billion yuan was raised through issuing stocks and rationing shares. At the end of the year, there were 349 stock companies in the province with 6,922.6 billion yuan trading volume. Three futures companies in the area have been established with 2,077.7 billion yuan business volume.


The premium received by the insurance companies totaled 88.65 billion yuan in 2016, up by 24.5 percent over the previous year. Of the total, the premiums of life insurance, health insurance, accident insurance and property insurance were 49.58 billion yuan (a 27.4 percent increase), 9.54 billion yuan (an increase of 59 percent), 2.23 billion yuan (an increase of 12.6 percent) and 27.31 billion yuan (an increase of 12.3 percent) respectively. Meanwhile, insurance companies paid an indemnity worth 34 billion yuan, a growth of 32.2 percent.


Source: Statistical Communiqué on Hunan’s Economic and Social Development in 2016