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15 July 2015

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Where is Hunan

Geographic location




Hunan Province lies in south-central China between 24°38'-30°08' N and 108°47'-114°15' E. Hunan is named after its location at the south of Dongting Lake (Hu means lake and Nan means south literally). It covers an area of 211,800 square kilometers (81,776 square miles), 2.2% of the total of the whole country. It is adjacent to Jiangxi Province in the east, Chongqing Municipality and Guizhou Province in the west, Guangdong Province and Guangxi Autonomous Region in the south, and Hubei Province in the north.




Surrounded by mountains and hills in the east, west and south, Hunan comprises of hills and basins in the center and plains in the north. The center and northern parts are a somewhat low and a U-shaped basin, open in the north and with Dongting Lake as its center.


Huping Mountain in Shimen County, Changde, Hunan's highest mountain, reaches an elevation of 2,009 meters, while its lowest area Huanggai Town in Yueyang is only 21 meters above sea level. 


Dongting Lake is the largest lake in the province and the second largest freshwater lake in China. Xiangjiang, Zijiang, Yuanjiang and Lishui Rivers are the four main tributaries of Yangtze River flowing through Hunan, and into Dongting Lake at Chenglingji, Yueyang.




Hunan is located in a region with a continental subtropical seasonal humid climate with four distinct seasons. It has abundant sun, long frostless periods and abundant rain. The annual sunshine duration is 1300 to 1800 hours. The annual average temperature is between16℃-18℃. The frostless period is as long as 260-310 days. Annual rainfall is 1200-1700 mm, which is favorable for agricultural crops and green plants.





(Source: Hunan Meteorological Administration)