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15 July 2015

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Resource Conserving and Environment Friendly Society

Covering an area of 96,800 square kilometers, the Chang-Zhu-Tan City Cluster is an area centered around Changsha, Zhuzhou, and Xiangtan, including the adjacent cities of Yueyang, Changde, Yiyang, Hengyang and Loudi, with a total population of 41.05 million (2014). The three cities of Changsha, Zhuzhou and Xiangtan, the core of this cluster, are located along the Xiangjiang River in the shape of the Chinese character "品". It is only half an hour drive from one city to another within the three. The three cities cover an area of 28,000 square kilometers and have a population of 13.736 million. In 2014, the GDP of these cities amounted to 1155.59 billion yuan, taking up 42.7% of the total of Hunan province. Changsha, Zhuzhou and Xiangtan have always been places essential to the development of Hunan.


The Chang-Zhu-Tan City Cluster enjoys unique advantages and potential for development:


First, there is a healthy natural ecosystem and abundant natural resources;


Second, the intercity traffic and external traffic are convenient, with the improving stereo-traffic network including highway, railway and shipping;


Third, scientific and technological support here is advanced. A number of famous universities such as the National University of Defense Technology, the Central South University and Hunan University are located here, with many members of the Chinese Academy of Science and the Chinese Academy of Engineering such as Yuan Longping and Lu Guangxiu working here. Chang-Zhu-Tan possesses world-leading technologies in such fields as hybrid rice, human stem cells and carbon-carbon composite materials;


Forth, as an old industrial base and one of the national comprehensive high-tech industrial bases, the city cluster has a good industrial foundation. Influential industries here include advanced manufacturing industries such as mechanical engineering, rail transport, nonferrous metal, as well as service industries such as broadcasting, film and television, publishing and animated cartoons.



In the 1950s, the idea of building a "City of Chairman Mao" by combining the three cities was put forward.


In the early 1980s, the idea of establishing Chang-Zhu-Tan Economic Zone was put forward.


In 1997, the Hunan Provincial CPC Committee and the Hunan Provincial Government made the strategic decision to promote economic integration in Changsha, Zhuzhou and Xiangtan.


In 1998, the leading group and corresponding office for the coordination in economic integration of Changsha, Zhuzhou and Xiangtan were set up.


In 2000, the 10th Five-year Plan for economic integration of Changsha, Zhuzhou and Xiangtan was compiled. Chang-Zhu-Tan City Cluster was chosen to be the first batch of the World Bank's pilot areas to carry out the Changsha, Zhuzhou and Xiangtan City Development Strategy (CDS).


In 2002, the Planning of Industrial Integration in Changsha, Zhuzhou and Xiangtan, the Comprehensive Plan of the Development and Construction of the Xiangjiang River Eco-economic Zone and the Regional Plan of Chang-Zhu-Tan City Cluster were drawn up and put into implementation.


In 2003, the Hunan Provincial Government issued the Measures for Developing, Constructing and Protecting the Changsha, Zhuzhou and Xiangtan Sections of Xiangjiang River.


In 2004, the Reconstruction Planning of Old Industrial Bases in Changsha, Zhuzhou and Xiangtan (2004-2010) was drawn up and implemented.


In 2005, the construction of Chang-Zhu-Tan City Cluster was included in the 11th Five-year Plan for China.


In 2006, Chang-Zhu-Tan City Cluster was designated as one of the city clusters of prior construction in the strategy of promoting the rise of central China.


On December 14, 2007, the National Development and Reform Commission issued the Notice on Sanctioning Wuhan City Cluster and Chang-Zhu-Tan City Cluster as National Comprehensive Supporting Reform Trial Areas to Build a Resource Conserving and Environment Friendly Society.


On July 31, 2008, the 3rd session of the 11th Hunan Provincial People's Congress Standing Committee approved the Decision of Hunan Provincial People's Congress Standing Committee on Promoting the Work of Supporting and Promoting the Building of a Resource Conserving and Environment Friendly Society in the Chang-Zhu-Tan City Cluster.


During June 18 to 19, 2009, the Four Objectives and Six Tasks of Building a Resource Conserving and Environment Friendly Society in the first stage were determined; the Implementation Plan of the Reform and Construction in the Chang-Zhu-Tan Pilot Zone (2009-2010), the Medium and Long-term Development Plan of Comprehensive Traffic System of the 3+5 City Cluster and the Planning Scheme of the Intercity Railroad in the 3+5 City Cluster were approved (3+5 city cluster refers to the cluster of Yueyang, Changde, Yiyang, Loudi and Hengyang, centered by Chang-Zhu-Tan and with a radius of one-hour commute).


On May 4, 2010, the Hunan Provincial Government gave an official reply to the Special Plan for the Reform of Institutional Mechanisms for Environment Protection in the Pilot Zone of "Two-oriented" Society Construction in Changsha-Zhuzhou-Xiangtan City Cluster.


On April 6, 2011, Hunan officially initiated a pilot project of emissions trading.


On April 7, 2011, the Hunan Provincial CPC Committee issued the Notice on Establishing the Working Committee of the Pilot Zone of "Two-oriented" Society Construction in the Changsha-Zhuzhou-Xiangtan (CZT) City Cluster.


On August 8, 2011, the Hunan Provincial Government approved the Planning Scheme for the Overall Plan for the Green Core of the Changsha-Zhuzhou-Xiangtan (CZT) City Cluster (2010-2030).


On March 14, 2012, the Hunan Provincial Government issued the Development Plan on Hunan's Changsha-Zhuzhou-Xiangtan (CZT) City Cluster in the 12th Five-Year Plan period (2011-2015).


On August 16, 2012, the Provincial Government issued the "Instructions for Implementing Regulations on the Planning of Changsha-Zhuzhou-Xiangtan (CZT) City Cluster of Hunan Province".


On September 27, 2012, the 31st session of the 11th Hunan People's Congress Standing Committee approved local laws and regulations including Regulations on the Conservation of the Xiangjiang River, Regulations on Shaoshan Scenic Area Management and Regulations of the Management of the Botanic Garden.


On November 30, 2012, the Regulations on the Protection of Ecological Green Core in Changsha-Zhuzhou-Xiangtan (CZT) City Cluster was approved, and has been implemented since March 1, 2013.


Up to December, 2013, the compilation of 18 special plans for the Changsha-Zhuzhou-Xiangtan (CZT) City Cluster was finished.


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