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15 July 2015

Home > About Hunan > Population and Nationalities

Population, Nationalities and Religions

Population  

 

Hunan is one of the most populous provinces in China. Covering 2.2 percent of China's territory area, its population amounts for about 5 percent of the country's total, ranking No.7 in China (2013). The average population density is 318 people per square kilometer.  

 

By the end of 2016, the registered permanent resident population of the province had reached 68.22 million, among which 35.176 million were males, and 33.044 million were females. The registered households numbered 20.23 million, involving a population of 66.55 million. The population in urban areas reached 35.986 million, realizing an urbanization rate of 52.75%. The birth rate of the registered permanent population was 13.58‰ while the death rate of the same population was 6.89‰. The natural growth rate of the registered population was 6.72‰.   

 

Population and Its Composition by the end of 2016 

 

Item 

Population 

(year-end figure) 

(million persons) 

Proportion 

(%) 

Total 

68.22 

100 

Of which: Urban 

35.986

52.75 

        Rural 

32.234 

47.25

Of which: Male 

35.176

51.56 

        Female 

33.044

48.44 

Of which: Aged 0-15 (under the age of 16) 

13.448 

19.71 

       Aged 16-59 (under the age of 60) 

42.762

62.68

       Aged 60 and above 

12.011 

17.61 

       Of which: Aged 65 and above 

8.015

11.75 

 

(Chinese source: Statistical Communiqué for the 2016 Economic and Social Development of Hunan Province)

 

Nationalities 

 

Hunan is a multiethnic province, where the Han nationality and other 55 ethnic groups reside. The population of the ethnic groups exceeds 7 million, accounting for 10.23 percent of the province’s total.

Hunan is a concentrative residence of the Tujia, Miao, Dong, Yao, and Bai people. The population of the five groups totals more than 100,000.

 

As for distribution, Xiangxi Tujia & Miao Autonomous Prefecture, Huaihua, Zhangjiajie, Yongzhou, Shaoyang and Changde are inhabited by 96.86% of Hunan’s ethnic population. Xiangxi, Huaihua, Zhangjiajie each has over one million ethnic people, and Yongzhou, Shaoyang and Changde respectively have more than 100,000. 

 

For more information about the ethnic groups in Hunan, please refer to National Customs 

 

Religion  

 

Hunan has over 5.44 million religious people, including 3.697 million Buddhists, 1.108 million Taoists, 144,000 Muslims, 44,000 Catholics and 446,000 Christians. There are about 7700 clergies, working in 5,313 sites for religious activity.