The Official Website of the People’s Government of Hunan Province Mobile 中文 Francais 한국어 日本語

15 July 2015

Home > About Hunan > Population and Nationalities

Population, Nationalities and Religions

Population  

 

Hunan is one of the most populous provinces in China. Covering 2.2 percent of China's territory area, its population amounts for about 5 percent of the country's total, ranking No.7 in China. The average population density is 318 people per square kilometer. 


By the end of 2017, the population of permanent residents in Hunan reached 68.602 million, including 37.47 million urban residents with an urbanization rate of 54.62%, a year-on-year growth of 1.87 percentage points. The year of 2017 saw 908 thousand births, a birth rate of 13.27‰; 484 thousand deaths, a death rate of 7.08‰ and a natural population growth rate of 6.19‰. The number of population aged 0-15 (under the age of 16) accounted for 19.74% of that of permanent residents, a year-on-year increase of 0.03 percentage points; the number of population aged 16-59 (under the age of 60) occupied 62.1% of that of permanent residents, decreased by 0.58 percentage points; and the number of population aged over 60 took 18.16% of the total of permanent residents, up by 0.56 percentage points.

 

Population and Its Composition by the end of 2017 

  

Item

Population by the End of 2017 (ten thousand)

Proportion (percent)

Permanent residents

6860.2

100

Of which: urban

3747.0

54.62

Rural

3113.1

45.38

Of which: male

3534.8

51.53

Female

3325.4

48.47

Of which: aged 0-15 (under the age of 16)

1353.9

19.74

Aged 16-59 (under the age of 60)

4260.4

62.10

Aged over 60

1245.9

18.16

Of which: aged 65 and above

832.9

12.28

 

(Chinese source:  Statistical Communiqué on Hunan’s Economic and Social Development in 2017 )

 

Nationalities 

 

Hunan is a multiethnic province, where the Han nationality and other 55 ethnic groups reside. According to the fifth nationwide population census, the population of the Han nationality is 56.8625 million, accounting for 89.9 percent of the province’s total; the population of the ethnic groups exceeds 6.4107 million, accounting for 10.1 percent of the province’s total.

 

Among the ethnic minorities, there are 2.6395 million Tujia people, 1.9215 million Miao people, 0.8421 million Dong people, 0.7046 million Yao people, 0.1256 million Bai people, 97.4 thousand Hui people, 23.6 thousand Zhuang people, 15.9 thousand Mongols, 8206 Manchus and 7939 Uygur people.

 

As for distribution, Xiangxi Tujia & Miao Autonomous Prefecture, Huaihua, Zhangjiajie, Yongzhou, Shaoyang and Changde are inhabited by 96.86% of Hunan’s ethnic population. Xiangxi, Huaihua, Zhangjiajie each has over one million ethnic people, and Yongzhou, Shaoyang and Changde respectively have more than 100,000. 

 

For more information about the ethnic groups in Hunan, please refer to National Customs 

 

Religion  

 

Hunan has over 6.4 million religious people, including 4.1 million Buddhists, 1.75 million Taoists, 160,000 Muslims, 50,000 Catholics and 330,000 Christians. There are about 11,000 clergies working for religious communities. 

 

Chinese source: hunan.gov.cn

 

Updated on July 27, 2018