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15 July 2015

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Changde City

Total area: 18,189.9 km2
Population: 6.059 million (2017)
Major industrial products: Cigarettes, textiles, electrolytic aluminum, machinery
Major agricultural products: Grain, cotton, oil plants, tea, aquatic products
Major mines: Gypsum ore, arsenic disulfide ore, shale
Total length of railways: 211 km
Total length of roads: 17,185 km
GDP: RMB ¥323.81 billion  (2017)
Sum of exports: US $ 890 million (2017)
Sum of imports: US $ 240 million (2017)
Tourism revenue: RMB ¥36.22 billion (2017)
Per capita disposable income of urban residents: RMB¥28,735 yuan (2017)
Per capita disposable income of rural residents: RMB ¥13,847 (2017)
Forest coverage: 47.98% (2017)
Data Source: Hunan Provincial Statistics Bureau
Changde City is a transport hub, an energy-production base, and cultural center in the northwest of the province. By the end of 2017, the population of permanent residents in Changde reached 6.059 million. Its large enterprises include the Changde Tobacco Plant and the Jinjian Rice Processing Plant. Aquatic products from Dongting Lake are also economically important.

With good infrastructure facilities, Changde has railways, an expressway, airport, water transportation, customs and commercial inspection facilities. It is also one of the major central cities receiving special attention from the provincial government.

Changde has more than 300 places of tourism interest. The Peach Blossom Source is said to be the Chinese Shangri la or the ideal paradise of the ancient people in China. The Chengtoushan ruins in Lixian County date back 8,000 years. Jiashan Temple at Shimen is a 1,000-year-old Buddhist center and said to be the source of the Japanese tea ceremony. The tomb of Monk Fentianyu next to the temple has been ascertained by scholars of the history of the Ming Dynasty as the tomb of Li Zicheng, leader of a peasant uprising, who lived a secluded life as a monk after his failure to overthrow the dynasty. The 2,500 m long wall of poems in Changde set a Guinness record as the world’s longest tablet inscribed with poems. The UN Natural Wetland Protection Zone of west Dongting Lake and the Mount Huping National Nature Reserve both have natural charms.


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