Hunan is considered to be a key focal point for Chinese southwest minority culture. It is a multi-ethnic province with time-honored history, diverse culture and unique natural resources which has endowed the Hunan people with extremely rich intangible cultural heritage. At present, there are more than 300 intangible cultural heritage items in Hunan province which can be broken down into 11 categories：literature, music, dance, drama, opera, physical culture, fine arts, craftsmanship, traditional medicine and custom. More>>
Maogusi Dance of the Tujia Minority in Xiangxi Tujia and Miao Ethnic Autonomous Prefecture The Maogusi dance is an ancient dance popular in areas inhabited by the Tu ethnic group located in the west of Hunan Province. "Maogusi" means grandpa in Chinese. The dance originated from the sacrifice rituals of the ancient Tujia people.
Suining Girls’ Day of the Miao Nationality Legend has it that the Girls' Day of the Miao Nationality is a day of commemoration to honor the heroic death of Yang Jinhua, descendant of the famous Yang Family which made illustrious military exploits in the Frontier Defense Wars during the Northern Song Dynasty (960-1127).
Nvshu (Women's Script) Custom Jiangyong Nvshu (women's script), the only writing system in the world, is specially used by women. Its development, inheritance and cultural messages are carried by its characters to constitute the Nvshu custom. JiangyongNvshu is an ancient character of long-diamond-shape with fine and uniformed strokes, which look like mosquitoes or ants. However, it became extinct 60 years ago.
Nuo Drama "Acting the Bodhisattva" Huitong Nuo Drama "Acting the Bodhisattva", prevalent in Huitong County, Hongjiang City and Zhongfang County of Huaihua, was originally performed by wizards to drive away evil spirits at sacrificial rituals during ancient times. The Bodhisattva in "Acting the Bodhisattva" is Yang Gong who is God of rivers, establishing a unique Nuo system of its own.
Liuyang Ancient Music Walking towards Dacheng Hall of Liuyang Wenmiao (Liuyang Confucius Temple),you will find a pair of twin pavilions on both sides of its gate. These were places to play ancient music. At sacrifice-offering ceremonies, 64 musicians, 10 singers and 64 dancers were required to perform. The performance would last for no more than one hour.
Ganfenshe Festival in Anren County It was said that Emperor Yan, Patron of Agriculture, has tried different kinds of herbs to cure various diseases and to enlighten the civilians to practice agriculture with his eight retinues in the Anren County. To commemorate them, the descendants built a temple named"The Nine Dragons Temple" and the place where he cooked was named "The Hall of Xianghuo" and the pond where he washed the medical herbs "Medical Lake".
Crying Marriage Song The "Crying Marriage Song" is a folk song that originates from the Tujia people. According to their customs, the bride begins to cry a month before the wedding day in different ways with diversified words, to convey attachment to their loved ones and to remember the Tujia Women's sad fate in feudal society when they had no say in their marriage, which was typically arranged by a matchmaker and her parents.
Yueyang Dongting Fishing Song The Dongting fishing song, normally called the improvisational fishing song (fishermen sing freely to express their emotions), has formed a unique fishing song style around the Dongting Lake area. Early in the Song Dynasty, Fan Zhongyanrecorded in his "The Yueyang Tower" that 'the fishing songs echo, producing supreme pleasure’.
Rucheng Dance of Incense Burning Dragons The Dance of the Incense Burning Dragons is a popular tradition that is usually held during the Lantern Festival. During the performance, two dragons and two lions dance together, one lion leading the road before the dragons and the other lion following the dragons.
Longhui Tantou Wooden New Year Paintings As the only piece of painting handwork watermarked, the Tantou wooden New Year painting has become an independent school for its full-bodied characteristics of the ancient southern Chu State. Located in the southeast of Longhui County, Tantou Town has simple, pure andunique folk customs.
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