Hunan province is located in central south of China, between latitude 2439'N to 3008'N, and longitude 10847'E to 11415'E, covering an area of 210,000 square km. It lies in the south of the famous Dongting Lake (hence the name Hunan), which literally means south of the lake in Chinese. It is also called Xiang for short, named after the longest river in the province. In the north, there is Hubei province. The two provinces are separated by the Yangtze River.
Linking rivers and seas, Hunan belongs to the opening-up and development belt of the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River. In the south, it is adjacent to Guangdong and Guangxi provinces, closing to the coastal areas such as Hong Kong and Macao. It orders Jiangxi province on the east, and Chongqing City and Guizhou province on the west. The province, located between the south coastal open belt and the Yangtze open belt, enjoys a favorable geological location.