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15 July 2015

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Statistical Communiqué of Hunan Province on the 2015 Economic and Social Development

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In 2015, facing a complicated and volatile economic environment and arduous reforming tasks, under the firm leadership of the CPC Hunan Provincial Committee and the Hunan Provincial People’s Government, the people of the province conscientiously implemented the Strategy of Four Comprehensive (comprehensively building a moderately prosperous society, comprehensively driving reform to a deeper level, comprehensively governing the country in accordance with the law, and comprehensively enforcing strict Party discipline), and steadfastly carried out the deployment made by the central government. Priority was placed on maintaining stable growth, to be responsive to the new trend and take initiatives to shape the new normal in our favor. Endeavors were made to vigorously accelerate the balanced improvement of economic aggregate, average per capita share and economic development quality, and simultaneously promote industrialization, urbanization, informationization, agricultural modernization and greenization. Economic and social development of Hunan witnessed steady progress last year.

 

Ⅰ. General Outlook
Based on the preliminary calculations, the total GDP of Hunan Province was 2,904.72 billion yuan, an increase of 8.6 percent compared with that of the previous year. Of the total, the added value of the primary industry, secondary industry and tertiary industry was 333.16 billion yuan, 1295.54 billion yuan, and 1276.02 billion yuan, showing an increase of 3.6 percent, 7.4 percent, and 11.2 percent respectively. The per capita GDP calculated on the number of permanent residents was 42,968 yuan, up by 7.9 percent.

 

The proportion of the three industries in the province was calculated as 11.5: 44.6: 43.9. The service enterprises above designated size realized a revenue of 212.3 billion yuan, up by 13 percent, and made a total profit of 23.84 billion yuan, up by 10.1 percent. The proportion of the tertiary industry went up by 1.7 percent. The industrial added value accounted for 38.2 percent of the regional GDP, a year-on-year decline of 1.6 percent. The added value of high-tech technologies made up 21.1 percent of the regional GDP, rose by 2.1 percent. The added value of non-public ownership sectors was 1731.64 billion yuan, an increase of 9.2 percent, accounting for 59.6 percent of the regional GDP, up by 0.8 percent. Strategic emerging industry made an added value of 333.53 billion yuan, increasing by 9.5 percent and accounting for 11.5 percent of the regional GDP. The contribution rates of the primary, secondary, and tertiary industry was 4.5 percent, 42 percent, and 53.5 percent respectively, among which the tertiary industry contributed 6.5 percent higher than that of the previous year to economic growth. The added value of primary industry and production service industry respectively contributed 36.9 percent and 19.7 percent to economic growth. The contribution rates of gross capital formation, final consumption expenditure, and net outflow of commodities and services to economic growth reached 62.3 percent, 41.2 percent, and -3.5 percent respectively.

 

Calculated by regions, the overall GDP of Changsha-Zhuzhou-Xiangtan (CZT) city cluster was 1254.83 billion yuan, growing by 9.8 percent; the GDP of southern Hunan was 603.18 billion yuan, increasing 8.7 percent; the GDP of western Hunan was 489.65 billion yuan, rising 8.6 percent; and the GDP of Dongting Lake Ecological and Economic Zone was 694.97 billion yuan, up by 8.7 percent.

 

Ⅱ. Agriculture

Among the primary industry of Hunan in 2015, the added value of agriculture hit 213.04 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 4.0 percent; and that of forestry, husbandry and fishery was 23.46 billion yuan, 72.78 billion yuan, and 23.88 billion yuan respectively, up by 8.1 percent, 0.2 percent, and 7.0 percent.

 

Hunan’s sown area of grain was 4.945 million hectares, decreasing by 0.6 percent over the previous year; the sown area of cotton was 114 thousand hectares, a decline of 12.6 percent; the sown area of sugar crops was 13 thousand million hectares, a decrease of 0.7 percent; the sown area of oil-bearing crops was 1.445 million hectares, up by 1.4 percent; and the sown area of vegetable was 1.373 million hectares, a rise of 3.2 percent.

 

The total output of grain in 2015 was 30.029 million tons, up by 0.1 percent than that of the previous year, among which the oil-bearing crops, cotton, tea, and vegetable rose by 3.9, 12.4, 9.5, and 6.2 percent respectively; flue-cured tobacco reduced by 2.8 percent; pork, beef, and mutton decreased by 1.8 percent, poultry and eggs, milk, and aquatic products respectively up by 3.7, 4.3, and 5.4 percent.

 

The newly increased farmland effective irrigation area in 2015 reached 20 thousand hectares, up by 2.6 percent; and the newly increased water-saving irrigation area was extended to 15 thousand hectares. 72 thousand water conservancy projects came into operation with an investment of 28 billion yuan; 990 million cubic meters of water conservancy earthwork was constructed; and 5298 km rural roads was built.

 

Ⅲ. Industry and Construction

The total added value of the industry sector in Hunan hit 1109.08 billion yuan, an increase of 7.5 percent over the previous year. The value added of industrial enterprises above the designated size was up by 7.8 percent, with the output value of new products growing by 18.8 percent, accounting for 17.8 percent of total industrial output value, 4.5 percent up from the previous year. The added value of high processing industry and high technology industry increased by 8.7 and 13.3 percent respectively, accounting for 37.2 and 10.5 percent of that of industrial enterprises above designated size,up by 0.6 and 0.2 percent respectively. The value added of six high energy-consuming industries grew by 7.0 percent, accounting for 30.3 percent of that of the industrial enterprises above designated size and 0.9 percent lower than the previous year. The value added of non-public ownership industrial enterprises above designated size increased by 9.5 percent. The value added of industrial parks accounted for 61.5 percent of that of the industrial enterprises above designated size, up by 2.5 percent over the previous year. Calculated by regions, the value added of the Changsha-Zhuzhou-Xiangtan (CZT) city cluster was up by 8.5 percent; that of southern Hunan area rose by 7.4 percent; western Hunan area increased by 6.8 percent; and Dongting Lake area up 7.2 percent.

 

 

Among the main industrial products of industrial enterprises above designated size, 294 kinds realized output growth, accounting for 59.4 percent of the total. The output of rice was 13.32 million tons, up by 9.8 percent; crude processing volume hit 8.774 million tons, increasing by 9.7 percent; the outputs of cement and steel were 116.136 million tons and 19.513 million tons, down by 2.7 and 1.7 percent respectively, and the output of ten non-ferrous metals was 2.675 million tons, decreasing by 7.9 percent; the number of new concrete machinery was 44,000, down by 13.3 percent; the car production reached 636,000 vehicles, up by 2.2 percent; and the installed power generation capacity was 121.51 billion kw, down by 4.0 percent over the previous year.

 

Table 1: Output of Major Industrial Products and the Growth Rates in 2015

 

Product

Unit

Output

Increase over 2014 (percent)

Raw coal

10000 tons

6836.6

-12.2

Raw salt

10000 tons

263.0

-6.0

Rice

10000 tons

1332.0

9.8

Fodder

10000 tons

1684.5

3.2

Refined edible vegetable oil

10000 tons

319.7

10.8

Cigarettes

100 million

1757.4

0.8

Machine made paper and paperboard

10000 tons

429.8

-2.1

Crude oil

10000 tons

877.4

9.7

Sulfuric acid

(100 percent equivalent)

10000 tons

244.1

-16.6

Caustic soda

(100 percent equivalent)

10000 tons

48.0

-25.7

Synthetic ammonia

10000 tons

106.0

-13.8

Agricultural chemical fertilizers

(100 percent equivalent)

10000 tons

108.4

3.2

Cement

10000 tons

11613.6

-2.7

Plate glass

10000 weight containers

2144.5

43.0

Crude iron

10000 tons

1762.8

-0.6

Crude steel

10000 tons

1852.8

-2.9

Rolled steel

10000 tons

1951.3

-1.7

Ten kinds of nonferrous metals

10000 tons

267.5

-7.9

Silver

tons

8815.0

5.8

Crane

10000 tons

70.2

-34.8

Concrete machinery

10000

4.4

-13.3

Motor vehicles

10000

63.6

2.2

Of which: Cars

10000

36.9

-9.0

Power-generating equipment

10000 kilowatts

190.4

39.4

Alternating-current motors

10000 kilowatts

1434.7

-17.5

Potential transformers

10000 volt-ampere

10594.1

1.6

Power generating capacity

100 million kilowatt-hour

1215.1

-4.0

Of which: Thermalpower capacity

100 million kilowatt-hour

697.8

-6.8

Hydroelectric power capacity

100 million kilowatt-hour

485.3

-1.0

 

The profit of industrial enterprises above designated size hit 154.86 billion yuan, an increase of 0.3 percent over the previous year. Of this total, the profits of the state-owned enterprises was 12.96 billion yuan, up by 0.8 percent over the previous year; that of collectively-owned enterprises was 1.03 billion yuan, down by 10.3 percent; that of joint-equity cooperative enterprises was 0.34 billion yuan, up by 20.7 percent; that of joint-equity enterprises were 116.58 billion yuan, down by 0.2 percent; that of foreign-funded enterprises and investors from Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan was 12.31 billion yuan, up by 2.7 percent; and that of other domestic-funded enterprises was 11.65 billion yuan, up by 4.0 percent. Top five total profit making industries are: the chemical raw materials and chemical products manufacturing industry, with a total profit of 14.06 billion yuan, up by 1.3 percent; the nonmetallic mineral products industry, with a total profit of 13.18 billion yuan, down by 6.8 percent; the agricultural and sideline food processing industry, with a total profit of 11.96 billion yuan, up by 16.9 percent; the tobacco processing industry, with a total profit of 11.22 billion yuan, down by 4.3 percent; and the dedicated equipment manufacturing industry, with a total profit of 8.5 billion yuan, down by 23.4 percent.

 

The value added of Hunan’s construction industry hit 187.77 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 7.3 percent. The profits made by construction enterprises qualified for general contracts and specialized contracts reached 22.44 billion yuan, a rise of 7.7 percent. The building area under construction was 475.044 million square meters, up by 0.2 percent, while the completed building area was 173.9 million square meters, an increase of 4.9 percent.

 

 

Ⅳ. Investment in Fixed Assets

The provincial investment in fixed assets (excluding rural households) increased by 18.2 percent over the last year to 2,595.43 billion yuan, of which private investment reached 1697.79 billion yuan, up by 17.8 percent and accounting for 65.4 percent of the total. Classified by types of economy, the investments in fixed assets of state-owned units and non-state-owned units were 782.99 billion yuan and 1812.43 billion yuan, up by 22.5 percent and 16.5 percent respectively. Classified by investment direction, the investments in people’s livelihood, ecology, infrastructure, high-tech industry, and technical innovation were 193.06 billion yuan, 102.73 billion yuan, 619.27 billion yuan, 161.63 billion yuan, and 902 billion yuan, rising by 26.2, 26.8, 23.6, 27.0, and 18.4 percent over the previous year. Classified by regions, the investments in Changsha-Zhuzhou-Xiangtan (CZT) city cluster, southern Hunan, western Hunan, and Dongting Lake area were 1035 billion yuan, 583.63 billion yuan, 429.24 billion yuan, and 523.64 billion yuan, respectively up by 17.9, 19.5, 19.0, and 19.9 percent year on year.

 

Table 2: Fixed Assets Investment (Excluding Rural Households) and Its Growth Rates by Sector in 2015

 

Sector

Investment (billion yuan)

 Increase over 2014 (percent)

Fixed Assets Investment (Excluding Rural Households)

2595.43

18.2

Agricultural Industry

91.45

28.8

Secondary Industry

1102.76

18.3

 Of which: Mining

62.68

-7.8

          Manufacturing

907.91

18.8

Production and Supply of Electricity, Heat, Gas and Water

92.60

18.2

Construction

43.51

82.7

Tertiary industry

1401.22

17.6

Of which: Transport, Storage and Post

180.09

15.4

Information Transmission, Software and Information Technology Services

27.54

127.5

Wholesale and Retail Trade

127.06

31.6

Lodging and Catering Services

32.85

9.8

Financing Industry

9.39

25.0

Real Estate

365.19

-2.2

Leasing and Business Services

55.29

31.8

Scientific Research and Technical Services

31.87

46.6

Water Conservancy, Environment and Public Facilities Management

353.96

29.7

Services to Households, Maintenance and Other Services

13.59

36.2

Education

50.03

19.8

Health and Social Work

30.81

20.3

Culture, Sports and Entertainment

30.37

14.3

Public Management, Social Security and Social Organization

69.00

16.9

 

The total number of the province’s construction projects reached 48,898, of which 36,939 went into operation in 2015. 3,029 construction projects worth more than 100 million yuan completed investment of 544.9 billion yuan, accounting for 21.0 percent of the total investment.

 

The total investment in real estate development stood at 261.38 billion yuan, decreasing by 9.4 percent over the previous year. Of the total, the investment in residential housing was 180.29 billion yuan, down by 9.8 percent. The sales of commercial housing were 63.63 million square meters, up by 17.0 percent. The sales of residential housing were 56.712 million square meters, up by 16.9 percent. The sales volume of commercial housing and residential housing were 273.89 and 225.39 billion yuan respectively, rising by 19.1 percent and 21.3 percent.

 

Ⅴ. Domestic Trade and Prices

Hunan’s total retail sales of consumer goods reached 1,202.4 billion yuan, a growth of 12.1 percent over the previous year. The retail sales of consumer goods in urban areas stood at 1,088.38 billion yuan, up by 12.1 percent and that in rural areas 114.1 billion yuan, up by 12.2 percent. In terms of regions, the total retail sales of consumer goods in Changsha-Zhuzhou-Xiangtan (CZT) city cluster, southern Hunan, western Hunan and Dongting Lake Ecological and Economic Zone was 505.09, 234.65, 208.65 and 254.01 billion yuan, a year-on-year growth of 12.1, 12.2, 11.7 and 12.4 percent respectively.

 

The total retail sales of the legal entities of wholesale and retail industry above quota limit stood at 450.65 billion yuan, up by 9.8 percent over the previous year. Of the total, sales of commodities for entertainment, sports and health grew by 14.1 percent, and sales of communication equipment went up by 20.8 percent. The retail sales of grain, oil, groceries increased by 23.1 percent; that of clothing, shoes and hats, and textiles went up by 7.4 percent, that of daily necessities by 13.4 percent, books and other publications by 16.4 percent, household appliances and audio-video equipment by 16.1 percent, stationery by 10.0 percent, mechanical and electrical products and equipment by 23.9 percent and automobiles by 13.6 percent.

 

 

Table 3: Retail Sales of Consumer Goods and Growth Rate in 2015

Item

Sales (100 million yuan)

Increase over 2014 (%)

Total

12024.0

12.1

Sales in urban areas

10883.8

12.1

Sales in rural areas

1140.1

12.2

Total retail sales of the legal entities of wholesale and retail industry above designated size

4506.5

9.8

Of which:

Grain, oil, groceries

409.3

23.1

 Beverage

81.6

29.2

Alcohol and tobacco

121.9

19.7

Clothes, shoes, hats and textiles

321.1

7.4

Cosmetics

50.1

6.7

Jewelry

76.0

4.8

 Necessities

136.7

13.4

Hardware and electrical materials

52.2

14.4

Sports and entertainment

10.7

33.2

Books, magazines and other publications

85.2

16.4

E-journals and audiovisual products

3.8

-1.1

Household appliances and audiovisual equipment

305.0

16.1

Western medicine and traditional Chinese medicine

283.9

13.9

Stationery

59.0

10.0

Furniture

24.8

19.7

Communication equipment

51.0

20.8

 Coal and related products

63.2

10.0

Petroleum and related products

750.6

-8.0

Renovation and decoration materials

77.8

24.4

Electromechanical products and equipment

41.8

23.9

Vehicles

1373.2

13.6

 

In 2015, the CPI (Consumer Price Index) in Hunan increased by 1.4 percent over the previous year. The CPI in urban and rural areas went up by 1.5 and 1.1 percent respectively. The retail price of commodities fell by 0.1 percent, and the industrial cost price and purchase price declined by 3.7 and 5.5 percent respectively. Price of fixed assets investment went up by 0.4 percent. The agricultural cost price increased by 4.1 percent, while price of agricultural production goods rose by 4.1 percent.

 

Table 4: Growth Rates of Consumer Price Index (CPI) in 2015

Item

Increase over 2014 (%)

CPI

1.4

Of which: food

3.0

Tobacco, alcohol and necessities

2.4

Clothing

2.2

Household appliances and maintenance service

0.9

Health care and personal care

1.9

Transportation and communication

-1.9

Entertainment, education and related service

1.4

Housing

-0.8

 

Ⅵ. Foreign Economic Relations

Hunan’s total import & export value was worth 182.54 billion yuan, representing a year-on-year decrease of 3.7 percent. Of the total, the export value was 118.99 billion yuan and the import value 63.55 billion, down by 2.9 percent and 5.1 percent respectively. In terms of types of trade, the export value of general trade reached 73 billion yuan, down by 15.7 percent, and that of processing trade totaled 39.15 billion, up by 23.6 percent. Considering key commodities, the export value of mechanical and electrical products accounted for 52.3 percent of the total export value and up by 10.3 percent than the previous year; that of new high-tech products accounted for 19.1 percent and up by 7.1 percent than the previous year. The exports by major countries (regions) to Hong Kong, the USA, and South Africa increased 10.1%, 38.7% and 58.3% year on year to 33.41, 13.79, and 3.93 billion yuan respectively, that to European Union decreased 4.7% to 11.08 billion yuan.

 

Table 5: Total Import & Export Value and Growth Rates in 2015

Item

Absolute Amount of Volumes (100 million yuan)

Increase over 2014 (%)

Total import & export value

1825.4

-3.7

Export

1189.9

-2.9

Classified by trade types

 

 

Of which: general trade

730.0

-15.7

Processing trade

391.5

23.6

Classified by main commodities

 

 

 Of which: mechanical & electrical products

622.5

20.6

High-tech products

227.0

54.0

Agricultural products

65.3

-2.9

Import

635.5

-5.1

Classified by trade types

 

 

Of which: general trade

332.7

-18.3

Processing trade

228.4

9.5

Classified by main commodities

 

 

Of which: mechanical & electrical products

316.7

25.0

High-tech products

161.2

72.7

Agricultural products

21.3

-12.3

 

The actual utilized FDI (foreign direct investment) in Hunan was 11.56 billion USD, a year-on-year increase of 12.7 percent. FDI in the primary, secondary and tertiary industry was 0.63, 7.14, and 3.79 billion USD, increasing by 8.3, 8.5, and 22.2 percent respectively. Hunan introduced 21 foreign-funded projects with paid-in investment of over 30 million USD for each. It also attracted four enterprises ranking in the Fortune 500 within the year. By the end of 2015, 138 enterprises of the Fortune 500 had invested in Hunan. Moreover, it attracted 379.19 billion yuan of actual investment from other provinces in China, up by 14.9 percent. Of the total, the investments in the primary and tertiary industry were 19.31 and 152.3 billion yuan, up by 84.5 and 42.6 percent respectively; that in the secondary declined 2.5% to 207.58 billion yuan. A total of 988 projects worth over a hundred million yuan were introduced from other provinces, an increase of 23 percent; the paid-in investment reached 217.35 billion yuan, up by 30.4 percent.

 

The value of new contracts on foreign projects, labor service cooperation, and design consultation signed by the province totaled 5.91 billion USD, a year-on-year increase of 13.9 percent. The turnover of these projects totaled 5.18 billion USD, up by 27 percent; and there were 82 thousand expatriate labors, up by 18.3 percent. In 2015, 180 foreign investment companies have been authorized, with an investment of 3.1 billion USD for foreign contracts.

 

Ⅶ. Transportation, Post, Telecommunications, and Tourism

Hunan’s total converted turnover volume of freight traffic was 509.69 billion ton-km, a year-on-year increase of 4.5 percent. The turnover volume of goods traffic was 414.33 billion ton-km, a growth of 0.8 percent. Of the total, goods transported via rail were 72.96 billion ton-km, a decrease of 10 percent, and that by road was 273.18 billion ton-km, increasing by 5.9 percent. The total turnover volume of passenger traffic was 176.82 billion person-km, a rise of 12.8 percent. Of the total, passengers traveling by rail increased 28% to 86.56 billion person-km, that by road declined 1.2% to 76.73 billion person-km, and that utilizing civil aviation reached 13.23 billion per-km, increasing by 18 percent.

 

Table 6: Freight and Passenger Traffic by All Means of Transportation and Growth Rates in 2015

 

Item

Unit

Volume

Increase over 2014 (%)

Total freight traffic

ten thousand tons

215124.1

5.7

Of which: railways

ten thousand tons

4183.2

-6.9

 Highways

ten thousand tons

184830.9

7.1

Waterways

ten thousand tons

25109.2

-2.2

Civil aviation

ten thousand tons

6.1

-2.7

Pipelines

ten thousand tons

994.8

21.9

Total passenger traffic

ten thousand persons

151080.6

-7.0

Of which: railways

ten thousand persons

10390.2

9.4

Highways

ten thousand persons

138221.0

-8.2

Waterways

ten thousand persons

1533.9

5.9

Civil aviation

ten thousand persons

935.4

7.5

 

The total highway mileage amounted to 237 thousand kilometers, 0.3 percent higher than that at the end of previous year. Among which, the expressway mileage increased by 159 kilometers to 5,652. Railway mileage totaled 4.521 thousand kilometers, among which high-speed railway mileage reached 1,110 kilometers. The total number of motor vehicles for civilian use reached 5.166 million, up by 16.5 percent, private-owned vehicles stood at 4.661 million, growing by 18.5 percent, and cars for civilian use numbered 2.772 million, up by 18.4 percent.

 

The turnover of post and telecommunication services totaled 89.37 billion yuan, up by 20 percent over the previous year. Of the total, post services was 10.42 billion yuan, an increase of 28.2 percent, and telecommunication services was 78.96 billion yuan, a growth of 18.9 percent. In 2014, the total capacity of office switchboards stood at 4.67 million lines, falling 23.8 percent. The year also saw 7.871 million fixed telephone subscribers, decreasing by 6.8%. Mobile phone users numbered 48.591 million by the end of 2014, up by 2.7%. The number of Internet users was 8.897 million, a year-on-year increase of 19.4 percent.

 

The year of 2014 saw 470 million domestic tourists in Hunan, rising by 14.9 percent compared with that of 2014. The number of inbound visitors to Hunan totaled 2.261 million, an increase of 3 percent. The overall revenue generated by tourism amounted to 371.29 billion yuan, a jump of 21.7 percent. Domestic revenue reached 366 billion yuan, marking a 21.9 percent growth, while foreign exchange earnings increased by 7.2 percent to 860 million USD.

 

Ⅷ. Finance, Banking, and Insurance

Hunan’s total fiscal revenue reached 400.81 billion yuan, up by 10.2 percent compared with the previous year, and local fiscal revenue, totaling 251.31 billion yuan, increased by 11.1 percent. Of the total, tax revenue and nontax revenue reached 152.61 billion yuan (a 6.1 percent increase) and 98.7 billion yuan (a 19.7 percent increase) respectively. Tax revenue turned over to the central government was 114.16 billion yuan, an 8.7 percent growth, including 34.75 billion yuan income tax, a 9.3 percent increase. Hunan’s fiscal expenditure totaled 568.45 billion yuan, up by 13.3 percent. The expenditures for culture, sports and media, and housing security as well as social security and employment were 10.26, 26.37 and 78.64 billion yuan, up by 50.7%, 26.7%, and 18.8% respectively.

Table 7: Total Public Revenue, Expenditure & Growth Rates in 2015

Item

Absolute Mount of Volumes (100 million yuan)

Increase over 2014 (%)

Total public revenue

4008.1

10.2

Of which: local fiscal revenue

2513.1

11.1

Of which: tax revenue

1526.1

6.1

Nontax revenue

987.0

19.7

Tax revenue turned over to the central government

1141.6

8.7

Income tax turned over to the central government

347.5

9.3

Total public expenditure

5684.5

13.3

Of which: total public service

657.7

4.9

Education

926.4

11.2

Science & technology

66.0

11.2

Culture, sports & media

102.6

50.7

Social security & employment

786.4

18.8

Healthcare & family planning

488.0

15.5

Energy saving & environmental protection

147.8

7.5

Urban and rural communities affairs

540.1

16.4

Agriculture, forestry & water affairs

639.1

14.6

Housing security

263.7

26.7

 

Savings deposits in RMB and foreign currencies in all items of financial institutions totaled 3,622.06 billion yuan at the end of the year, a 543.88 billion yuan increase compared to the start of the year. Of the total, savings deposit of households and non-financial enterprises were 1,880.07 billion yuan and 986.05 billion yuan, increased by 204.53 billion yuan and 197 billion yuan respectively. By the end of the year, loans in RMB and foreign currencies in all items of financial institutions totaled 2,422.19 billion yuan, an increase of 343.82 billion yuan as compared with the beginning of the year. Of the total, loans for households and for non-financial enterprises, and government agencies and organizations were 778.6 billion yuan and 1,634.02 billion yuan, up by 88.71 billion yuan and 250.46 billion yuan respectively.

Table 8: Savings Deposit, Loans & Increments in RMB and Foreign Currencies in All Financial Institutions at the End of 2015

Item

Year-end Figure(100 million yuan)

Increment over the beginning of 2014 (100 million yuan)

Savings Deposit

36220.6

5438.8

Of which: domestic deposit

36187.2

5434.7

By households

18800.7

2045.3

        Current deposit

7196.2

762.1

         Fixed deposit and other deposit

11604.5

1283.2

By non-financial enterprises

9860.5

1970.0

          Current deposit

5155.8

1374.7

           Fixed deposit and other deposit

4704.7

595.3

By non-bank financial institutions

1375.0

506.3

   Overseas deposit

33.4

4.1

Loans

24221.9

3438.2

Of which: domestic loans

24126.5

3391.5

By households

7786.0

887.1

    Short-term loans

2133.3

167.2

     Medium and long-term loans

5652.7

720.0

By non-financial enterprises and government agencies and organizations

16340.2

2504.6

      Short-term loans

4436.6

348.2

        Medium and long-term loans

11022.2

1637.7

 Overseas loans

95.4

46.7

 

There were 99 listed companies in Hunan Province by the end of 2015, among which 84 are listed at home and 15 listed overseas. The direct financing of the province totaled 246.61 billion yuan, up by 30 percent. Of the total, 35.19 billion yuan was raised through issuing stocks and rationing shares. At the end of the year, there were 322 stock companies in the province with 11,613.49 billion yuan trading volume. Three futures companies in the area have been established with 18,746.28 billion yuan business volume.

 

The premium received by the insurance companies totaled 71.22 billion yuan in 2015, up by 21.2 percent over the previous year. Of the total, the premiums of life insurance, health insurance, accident insurance and property insurance were 38.92 billion yuan (a 22.8 percent increase), 6 billion yuan (an increase of 38 percent), 1.98 billion yuan (an increase of 23.9 percent) and 24.32 billion yuan (an increase of 15.1 percent) respectively. Meanwhile, insurance companies paid an indemnity worth 25.7 billion yuan, a growth of 13.6 percent.

 

Ⅸ. Education, Science and Technology

There were 109 regular institutions of higher learning at the end of the year. The number of postgraduates was 19 thousand, the number of graduates from university and specialized colleges associated with general higher education was 301 thousand, and that of graduates from secondary vocational schools was 204 thousand. The number of senior secondary school graduates, junior secondary school graduates and primary school graduates was 335 thousand, 700 thousand and 730 thousand respectively. Kindergartens accommodated 2.166 million children, a year-on-year increase of 6.6 percent. Enrolment rate of school-age children in primary school hit 99.97 percent and the secondary gross enrollment rate was 90.0 percent. There were 2.485 million students enrolled in 12,280 non-government colleges and schools. 7.41 billion yuan was allocated for compulsory education, 420 million yuan as a state stipend for senior secondary schools, and 300 million yuan of state stipend was offered to 303 thousand students of secondary vocational schools. 1.11 billion yuan of tuition waivers was offered to 922 thousand students of secondary vocational schools, and 1.08 billion yuan as scholarships and student grants for 526 thousand students of colleges and universities.

 

Table 9: New Entrants, Enrollments, Graduates and Their Growth Rates in Schools at All Levels 

Item

New Entrants

Enrollments

Graduates

 

Absolute Volume

Increase over 2014

Absolute Volume

Increase over 2014

Absolute Volume

Increase over 2014

 

(Ten thousand)

(percent)

(Ten thousand)

(percent)

(Ten thousand)

(percent)

 

Postgraduate Education

2.2

3.6

6.9

3.9

1.9

-2.1

 

General Higher Education

36.0

4.3

118.1

3.9

30.1

1.5

 

Adult Higher Education

10.7

-14.2

24.2

-0.1

10.5

-1.1

 

Secondary Vocational Education

23.8

4.7

64.8

0.5

20.4

-0.5

 

Senior Secondary Education

38.0

4.1

107.4

1.6

33.5

4.6

 

Junior Secondary Education

73.9

-0.9

222.4

0.8

70.0

7.3

 

Primary Education

88.7

8.9

488.9

3.2

73.0

-1.5

 

Special Education

0.5

58.2

2.3

43.5

0.2

47.1

 

 

The year 2015 saw the establishment of a total of 18 national engineering (technology) research centers and 282 engineering (technology) research centers at the provincial level. There were 15 national key laboratories and 141 key laboratories at the provincial level as well as 39 national-recognized technology centers. 14 national-provincial joint engineering research centers and 26 engineering laboratories were set up. A total of 3,710 technology transfer contracts were signed, representing 10.54 billion yuan in value. The number of registered scientific research results reached 777, among which, 14 won National Scientific and Technological Advancement Awards and four won National Awards for Technological Invention. The Tianhe-2 supercomputer has retained its position as the world's most powerful system for the sixth consecutive time. A series of hi-tech products including the “Sea Bull” submersible deep-sea drill, the permanent magnet synchronous traction motor, the new generation high-capacity graphene supercapacitor, and the electromagnetic suspension (EMS) short stator middle-low speed maglev vehicle were successfully developed. The number of patent applications and authorized patents reached 54,501 and 34,075 respectively, increased by 23.3 percent and 27.9 percent. Of this total, 19,499 patent applications for original inventions were accepted, up by 34.7 percent; and 6,776 patents for such inventions were authorized, up by 62.9 percent. The number of patent applications for enterprises, universities and colleges, and scientific research institutes reached 26,867, 8,628 and 595 respectively, while the number of authorized patents were 18,207, 4632 and 291. The value-added of new-and high-technology industry was 612.88 billion yuan, up by 17.8 percent.

 

 

By the end of 2015, 1,628 laboratories for product inspection have been established in Hunan. Of which, there were 23 national product quality supervision and inspection centers, including one newly-added, and 103 legal metrology verification institutions. There were 1,613 special equipment manufacturers and 243 thousand such facilities across the province. 8,089 batches of key industrial products were under quality random inspection, with a qualification rate of 93.4%, one percentage higher than that of last year. Hunan has involved in the development of 4 international standards and 26 national standards, and established 189 local standards. The departments of land and resources published 239 maps, obtained 190 Geographic Information System (GIS) applications, witnessed 420 thousand visits to MAPWORLD, and offered 183 thousand geospatial data.

 

Ⅹ. Culture, Public Health and Sports

By the end of 2015, there were 271 art-performing groups, 143 mass art centers and culture centers, 136 public libraries, 115 museums and memorials, 13 radio broadcasting stations, and 15 television stations. Subscribers to cable television programs numbered 11,336,000 households. Radio broadcasting and television broadcasting coverage rates were 94.06 percent and 97.98 percent respectively, up by 0.58 and 0.47 percentage points. There were 118 state-level intangible cultural heritage protection projects and 202 provincial level protection projects in the province. 12,254 sorts of books, 248 types of magazines and 48 types of newspapers were issued. A total of 420 million copies of books, 140 million copies of magazines and 1.34 billion copies of newspapers were issued.

 
By the end of 2015, there were 62,646 medical and health institutions in the province, including 1,173 hospitals, 139 maternal and child health-care institutions, 88 specialized epidemic disease prevention and control centers, 2,296 township health centers, 674 community health service centers, 10,405 clinics, and 44,822 village clinics. There were a total of 371,000 health workers, an increase of 8.6 percent over the last year. Of the total, practicing doctors and assistant practicing doctors numbered 151,000, up by 13 percent; registered nurses numbered 149,000, up by 9.6 percent. The hospitals in the province possessed 276,000 beds, up by 11.7 percent and township health centers 93,000 beds, up by 11 percent.


The province carried out 2,566 mass fitness programs with a regular participation of 23.722 million. The number of administrative villages with newly-built farmer sports fitness projects was 6,100. In 2015, Hunan athletes won 11 world championships , 7 Asian championships and 67 national championships, and broke 2 world records. There were altogether 83,794 sports grounds and related buildings, including 234 stadiums, 5,904 sports grounds, 456 swimming pools and 4,171 all sorts of training rooms.

 

Ⅺ. Population, Living Conditions and Social Security

By the end of 2015, the population of permanent residents in Hunan reached 67.83 million, including 34.519 million urban residents with an urbanization rate of 50.89 percent, a year-on-year growth of 1.61 percent. The year 2015 saw 918 thousand births, a birth rate of 13.58 per thousand; 464 thousand deaths, a death rate of 6.86 per thousand and a natural population growth rate of 6.72 per thousand. The number of population aged 0-15 (under the age of 16) accounted for 19.57 percent of that of permanent residents, a year-on-year increase of 0.22 percentage; the number of population aged 16-59 (under the age of 60) occupied 63.26 percent of that of permanent residents, decreased by 0.67 percentage; and the number of population aged over 60 took 17.17 percent of the total of permanent residents, up by 0.45 percentage.

 

Table 10: Permanent Population and Its Composition by the End of 2015

 

 

Item

Population by the End of 2015 (million)

Proportion (percent)

Permanent residents

67.83

100

Of which: urban

34.519

50.89

Rural

33.311

49.11

Of which: male

34.961

51.54

Female

32.869

48.46

Of which: aged 0-15 (under the age of 16)

13.276

19.57

Aged 16-59 (under the age of 60)

42.91

63.26

Aged over 60

11.644

17.17

Of which: aged 65 and above

7.74

11.41

 

In 2015, the annual per capita disposable income of population in the province was 19,317 yuan, up by 9.6 percent or a real increase of 8.1 percent after deducting price factors, whose median was 16,654 yuan; the annual per capita disposable income of urban residents was 28,838 yuan, up by 8.5 percent or a real increase of 6.9 percent after deducting price factors, whose median reached 27,216 yuan; the annual per capita disposable income of rural residents was 10,993 yuan, up by 9.3 percent or a real increase of 8.1 percent after deducting price factors, and its median was 10,032 yuan. Regionally, the per capital disposable income in Changsha-Zhuzhou-Xiangtan (CZT) city cluster reached 30,655 yuan, a year-on-year growth of 8.4 percent, 18,070 yuan in southern Hunan area (an increase of 9.2 percent) , 12,877 yuan in western Hunan (10.2 percent growth) as well as 17,603 yuan in Dongting Lake Ecological and Economic Zone, an increase of 9.6 percent. The ratio of urban and rural residents income decreased from last year’s 2.64:1 to 2.62:1.

 
The per capita consumption expenditure of urban residents was 19,501 yuan, an increase of 6.4 percent; and the per capita living expenditure of rural residents was 9,691 yuan, an increase of 7.4 percent. The ratio of expenditure on food to the total consumption expenditure of households (Engel’s coefficient) was 31.2 percent for urban households and 32.9 percent for rural households.

 

 

In 2015, a total number of 780 thousand new jobs were created in urban areas. At the end of the year, the number of people participating in urban basic pension programs for staff and workers was 11.607 million, a year-on-year increase of 418,000. Of the total, 7.91 million were staff and workers, and 3.697 million were retirees. A total of 26.605 million people participated in urban basic health insurance programs, a year-on-year growth of 3.598 million, including 8.187 million urban staff and workers and 18.418 million urban residents. A total of 5.212 million people participated in unemployment insurance programs, an increase of 117,000, and a total of 7.779 million people participated in work accident insurance programs, an increase of 299,000 and a total of 5.443 million people participated in maternity insurance programs, an increase of 67,000. A total of 32.801 million rural residents registered in new rural social old-age insurance programs and 44.121 million (excluding Changsha and Yiyang) rural residents participated in new rural cooperative medical service programs with a participation rate of 99.03 percent. By the end of 2015, 142,000 staff and workers received unemployment insurance benefits. The total expenditure of lowest subsistence allowances was 4.16 billion yuan for 1.273 million urban residents and 4.53 billion yuan for 3.18 million rural residents. At the end of 2015, adoption agencies of various kinds provided 227,000 beds, adopting 122,000 people. The province had 11,303 various community service facilities, among which 4,155 were comprehensive community service centers. A total of 7.77 billion yuan worth of social welfare lottery tickets was sold, raising 2.12 billion yuan for social welfare and the province received 240 million yuan from direct donations. By the end of the year, 7.156 million rural dwellers had access to clean water. 213 thousand rural decrepit houses were renovated, 201 thousand public rental housing newly added, 278 thousand urban shanty towns altered, and 14 thousand state-owned mining shanty towns transformed. 

 

Ⅻ. Resources, Environment and Work Safety

A total of 143 kinds of mineral deposits have been discovered in the province and 108 kinds of minerals with proved reserves explored, including 7 energy-related minerals, 38 metallic minerals, 61 nonmetallic minerals and 2 liquid minerals. The number of geological exploration implementation projects (including continuing projects) totaled 233 and that of exploration projects of mine resources in the depth of traditional mine reached 4. A total of 7 new mineral deposits of large or medium size were discovered. 17 major diggings and 8 minerals completed resource integration. There were 12 national geological parks and 4 geological relics reserves. A total of 109 comprehensive land consolidation projects at or above provincial level were implemented, harnessing 91,000 hectares of land.


In urban areas, the sewage treatment rate and the decontamination rate of urban refuse were 92.5 percent and 99.4 percent respectively. 87.2 percent of actual monitoring surface water across sections met the Grade III standard. A total of 191 natural reserves with an area of 1.37 million hectares were approved, including 22 national-level and 27 provincial-level natural reserves. The year 2015 witnessed the afforestation of a total of 376,000 hectares of waste mountains. 1.33 million hectares of hills were cordoned off for afforestation and the stocking volume of living woods reached 500 million cubic meters; the forest coverage was 59.57 percent.


Preliminary estimation indicated that the total energy consumption of above-scale industrial enterprises this year amounted to 60,601,000 tons of standard coal equivalent, a deduction of 5.9 percent over the last year. Of the total, the energy consumption of the top six high energy-consuming industries amounted to 48,066,000 tons of standard coal equivalent, down by 5.7 percent. The energy consumption of above-scale industrial added value of 10,000 yuan was 0.58 ton of standard coal equivalent, down by 12.7%. Major pollutants including chemical oxygen demands, emissions of sulfur dioxide, ammonia nitrogen and nitric oxide decreased by 1.73 percent, 4.52 percent, 2.14 percent and 10.1 percent respectively.


A total of 4,457 work-related accidents of various kinds happened during production or operation were reported in the province, down by 6.7 percent. The death toll amounted to 754, down by 24.3 percent. The death toll from work accidents every 100 million yuan worth of GDP was 0.06 people, a decline of 26.9 percent; work accidents in industrial, mining and commercial enterprises caused 0.78 deaths out of every 100 thousand employees, a decline of 35.5 percent; the death toll for one million tons of coal produced in coalmines was 1.43 persons, up 42.9 percent. This year witnessed 9,041 traffic accidents, up by 2.96 percent. And the road traffic death toll per 10 thousand vehicles was 1.71 persons, a decline of 0.31person.

 

 

Chinese source: hntj.gov.cn