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15 July 2015

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Hunan Province Statistical Communiqué for the 2014 Economic and Social Development

2015-06-16 T | T Download Print

In 2014, facing a complicated and volatile economic environment both at home and abroad, under the firm leadership of the CPC Hunan Provincial Committee and the Hunan Provincial People's Government, the people of the province steadfastly implemented the deployment made by the central government, adhered to the general working style of making progress while maintaining stability, and actively adapted to the "new normal". Endeavors were made to vigorously accelerate the balanced improvement of economic aggregate, average per capita share and economic development quality, comprehensively promote the development of the "Two-oriented" Society (resource-saving and environmentally friendly society), deepen reform and build a well-off society in an all-around way. Economic and social development of Hunan witnessed steady progress last year.

 

I. General Outlook

Based on the preliminary calculations, the total GDP of Hunan Province was 2,704.85 billion yuan, an increase of 9.5 percent compared with that of last year. Of the total, the added value of the primary industry, secondary industry and tertiary industry was 314.88 billion yuan, 1,248.19 billion yuan and 1,141.78 billion yuan, a growth of 4.5 percent, 9.3 percent and 11.1 percent respectively. The per capita GDP calculated on permanent residents was 40,287 yuan, up by 8.7 percent.

 

Figure 1: Gross Domestic Product and the Growth Rates, 2009-2014

 

The proportion of the three industries in the province was calculated as: 11.6:46.2:42.2. The proportion of the tertiary industry went up by 1.3 percentage point. The industrial added value accounted for 39.7 percent of the regional GDP, a year-on-year decline of 0.9 percent; the added value of high-tech technologies made up 19.0 percent of the regional GDP, rose by 2.7 percent over the previous year. The contribution rate of the primary, secondary and tertiary industry was 5.3 percent, 47.5 percent and 47.2 percent respectively, among which the industrial added value contributed 41.3 percent and the added value of productive service industry accounted for 22.8 percent. The added value of non-public ownership sectors was 1,589.63 billion yuan, an increase of 10.3 percent, accounting for 58.8 percent of the regional GDP, up by 0.9 percentage point.

 

Calculated by regions, the overall GDP of Changsha-Zhuzhou-Xiangtan (CZT) city cluster was 1,155.59 billion yuan, grew by 10.5 percent over the same period of last year. The GDP of southern Hunan was 556.81 billion yuan, increasing 10.2 percent; the GDP of western Hunan was 452.06 billion yuan, rising 8.3 percent and the GDP of Dongting Lake Ecological and Economic Zone was 643.67 billion yuan, a growth of 10.1 percent.

 

Ⅱ. Agriculture
Among the primary industry of Hunan in 2014, the value added of agriculture hit 202.03 billion yuan, an increase of 4.2 percent over the previous year, while that of forestry, husbandry and fishery was 22.55, 68.24 and 22.06 billion yuan respectively, up by 5.8, 4.7 and 5.6 percent.

Hunan’s sown area of grain was 4.975 million hectares, a growth of 0.8 percent compared with that of the previous year; the sown area of cotton was 130 thousand hectares, decreased by 18.5 percent; the sown area of sugar crops was 13 thousand million hectares, a decrease of 6.2 percent; the sown area of oil-bearing crops was 1.425 million hectares, up by 3.0 percent; and the sown area of vegetable was 1.330 million hectare, a rise of 3.6 percent.

The total output of grain in 2014 was 30.013 million tons, up by 2.6 percent than that of the previous year, among which the oil-bearing crops, tea and vegetable rose by 4.3, 10.8 and 4.4 percent respectively, cotton and flue-cured tobacco reduced by 34.8 and 9.4 percent, pork, beef and mutton was up by 6.2 percent, poultry and eggs, milk and aquatic products was up by 2.4, 4.5 and 6.0 percent respectively.

The newly increased farmland effective irrigation area in 2014 reached 20 thousand hectares, up by 11.0 percent, and the newly increased water-saving irrigation area was extended to 14 thousand hectares. 62 thousand water conservancy projects came into operation with an investment of 24.80 billion yuan, 860 million cubic meters of water conservancy earthwork was constructed, and 8283 kilometers rural roads was built.

 

Ⅲ. Industry and Construction
The total added value of the industry sector in Hunan hit 1,074.99 billion yuan, an increase of 9.2 percent compared with the same period of last year. The value added of industrial enterprises above designated size was up by 9.6 percent, the output value of new products of industrial enterprises above designated size, which grew by 13 percent, accounted for 13.3 percent of total industrial output value, 0.2 percent up from previous year. The added value of high processing industry and high technology industry above designated size increased by 13.5 percent and 27.8 percent respectively, while their value added accounted for 36.6 percent and 10.3 percent of that of industrial enterprises above designated size, up by 1 percent and 1.3 percent than the previous year. The value added of six high energy-consuming industries grew by 7.1 percent, accounted for 31.2 percent of the industrial enterprises above designated size, 0.4 percent lower than the previous year. The added value of non-public ownership industrial enterprises above designated size increased by 11.8 percent. Calculated by regions, the value added of industry above designated size of the Changsha-Zhuzhou-Xiangtan (CZT) city cluster was up by 11.4 percent; that of southern Hunan area rose by 10.6 percent; western Hunan area increased by 9.0 percent; and Dongting Lake Ecological and Economic Zone was up by 9.4 percent.

 

Figure 2: Total Industrial Value and Growth Rates, 2009-2014

 

Among the main industrial products of industrial enterprises above designated size, 283 kinds realized output growth, accounting for 61.9 percent of the total number of products. The output of rice was 12.451 million tons, up by 7.6 percent. Crude processing volume hit 8.0 million tons, down by 15.4 percent. The output of cement and steel was 119.913 million tons and 19.893 million tons, up by 5.7 percent and 0.1 percent respectively. The output of ten kinds of non-ferrous metal was 2.831 million tons, down by 0.9 percent. The numbers of concrete machinery and cars were 74,000 and 621,000, up by 5.4 and 1.9 percent respectively. The installed power generation capacity was 124.19 billion kilowatts, down by 2.4 percent over that of the previous year.

 

Table 1: Output of Major Industrial Products and the Growth Rates in 2014

Product

Unit

Output

Increase over 2013 (percent)

Raw coal

10000 tons

5413.7

-23.2

Raw salt

10000 tons

280.9

9.3

Rice

10000 tons

1245.1

7.6

Fodder

10000 tons

1619.1

3.7

Refined edible vegetable oil

10000 tons

298.8

8.4

Cigarettes

100 million

1743.8

2.2

Machine made paper and paperboard

10000 tons

406.6

-4.7

Crude oil

10000 tons

800

-15.4

Sulfuric acid

(100 percent equivalent)

10000 tons

397.6

7.9

Caustic soda

(100 percent equivalent)

10000 tons

64.6

-13.9

Synthetic ammonia

10000 tons

123.9

-19.5

Agricultural chemical fertilizers

(100 percent equivalent)

10000 tons

105.5

-21.4

Cement

10000 tons

11991.3

5.7

Plate glass

10000 weight containers

1208.2

-33.1

Crude iron

10000 tons

1780.7

2.8

Crude steel

10000 tons

1917.6

4.3

Rolled steel

10000 tons

1989.3

0.1

Ten kinds of nonferrous metals

10000 tons

283.1

-0.9

Silver

tons

8360.1

21

Crane

10000 tons

107.4

-21.4

Concrete machinery

10000

7.4

5.4

Motor vehicles

10000

62.1

1.9

Cars

10000

40.6

7.3

Power-generating equipment

10000 kilowatts

136.6

0.5

Alternating-current motors

10000 kilowatts

1738

3.3

Potential transformers

10000 volt-ampere

10415.8

3.4

Power generating capacity

100 million kilowatt-hour

1241.9

-2.4

Of which: Thermal power capacity

100 million kilowatt-hour

749.2

-10.1

Hydroelectric power capacity

100 million kilowatt-hour

466.1

10.9

 

The profit of industrial enterprises above designated size hit 152.32 billion yuan after breaking even, a decline of 3.7 percent over previous year. Of this total, the profits of the state-owned enterprises was 12.72 billion yuan, down by 1.9 compared to that of the previous year; that of collectively-owned enterprises were 1.31 billion yuan, down by 13.8 percent; that of joint-equity cooperative enterprises were 0.33 billion yuan, down by 5.7 percent; that of joint-equity enterprises were 112.49 billion yuan, down by 3.3 percent; that of foreign-funded enterprises and investors from Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan were 12.35 billion yuan, up by 1.0 percent; and that of other domestic-funded enterprises were 13.12 billion yuan, up by 10.1 percent. Top five total profit making industries are: the nonmetallic mineral products industry, the chemical raw materials and chemical products manufacturing industry, the tobacco processing industry, the dedicated equipment manufacturing industry and the agricultural and sideline food processing industry, winning profits of 14.06 billion yuan, 13.28 billion yuan, 11.55 billion yuan, 11.05 billion yuan and 9.94 billion yuan respectively.

 

The value added of Hunan’s construction industry hit 174.49 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 9.9 percent. The profits made by construction enterprises qualified for general contracts and specialized contracts reached 22.86 billion yuan, a rise of 20.1 percent. The building area under construction was 474.332 million square meters, up by 9.0 percent while the completed building area was 165.830 million square meters, an increase of 4.4 percent.

 

Figure 3: Added Value of Construction Industry and Growth Rates, 2009-2014

 

Ⅳ. Investment in Fixed Assets
The provincial investment in fixed assets (excluding rural households) increased by 19.4 percent over the last year to 2,195.08 billion yuan. The investment in fixed assets of state-owned units, non-state-owned units, and private investment reached 639.31 billion yuan, 1,555.77 billion yuan and 1,1440.98 billion yuan, up by 14.7 percent, 21.5 percent and 21.2 percent respectively, accounting for 65.6 percent of the total investment, up by 3.2 percentage point. The investment in people’s livelihood, ecology, infrastructure, high-tech industry, technical innovation, and strategic emerging industry was 153.00 billion yuan, 80.99 billion yuan, 501.20 billion yuan, 80.87 billion yuan, 761.73 billion yuan and 494.98 billion yuan, rising by 40.6, 31.0, 23.6, 14.7, 9.3, and 17.7 percent over the previous year. Classified by regions, the investment in Changsha-Zhuzhou-Xiangtan (CZT) city cluster, southern Hunan, western Hunan, and Dongting Lake Ecological and Economic Zone was 877.62 billion yuan, 488.51 billion yuan, 360.79 billion yuan and 436.85 billion yuan, up by 20.0, 22.6, 17.2, and 20.9 percent respectively year on year.

 

Table 2: Fixed Assets Investment (Excluding Rural Households) and Its Growth Rates by Sector in 2014

        Sector

  Investment (billion yuan)

 Increase over 2013 (percent)

Fixed Assets Investment (Excluding Rural Households)

2,195.08

19.4

Agricultural Industry

71.0

34.9

Secondary Industry

932.12

15.9

  Mining

67.99

5

  Manufacturing

764.11

14.6

Production and Supply of Electricity, Heat, Gas and Water

78.32

28.2

Construction

23.81

54.4

Tertiary industry

1191.96

21.4

Wholesale and Retail Trade

96.55

63.1

Transport, Storage and Post

155.99

12.9

Lodging and Catering Services

29.92

21.1

Information Transmission, Computer Services and Software

12.11

30.1

Financing Industry

7.51

30

Real Estate

373.25

12.3

Leasing and Business Services

41.94

16.6

Scientific Research and Technical Services

21.74

55.7

Water Conservancy, Environment and Public Facilities Management

272.99

30

Services to Households, Maintenance and Other Services

9.98

15.5

Education

41.75

38.1

Health and Social Work

25.6

48.5

Culture, Sports and Entertainment

26.57

32.5

Public Management, Social Security and Social Organization

59.05

-3.4

 

The total number of the province’s construction projects reached 40,308, of which 29,186 went into operation in 2014. 3,154 construction projects worth more than 100 million yuan with completed investment of 554.29 billion yuan, accounting for 25.3 percent of the total investment.

The total investment in real estate development stood at 288.36 billion yuan, increasing by 9.7 percent over the previous year. Of the total investment, the investment in residential housing was 199.85 billion yuan, up by 8.3 percent. The sales area of commercial housing was 54.395 million square meters, down by 8.6 percent. The sales area of residential housing was 48.523 million square meters, up by 10.3 percent. The sales volume of commercial housing and residential housing was 229.91 and 185.86 billion yuan respectively, down by 9.0 percent and 12.1 percent respectively.

Ⅴ. Domestic Trade and Prices
Hunan’s total retail sales of consumer goods reached 1,008.19 billion yuan, a growth of 12.8 percent over the previous year. The retail sales of consumer goods in urban areas stood at 906.25 billion yuan, up by 12.8 percent and that in rural areas 101.94 billion yuan, up by 12.4 percent. In terms of regions, the total retail sales of consumer goods in Changsha-Zhuzhou-Xiangtan (CZT) city cluster, southern Hunan, western Hunan and Dongting Lake Ecological and Economic Zone was 435.54, 195.55, 161.68 and 215.43 billion yuan, a year-on-year growth of 12.8, 12.8, 12.6 and 12.7 percent respectively.

 

The total retail sales of the legal entities of wholesale and retail industry above designated size stood at 415.59 billion yuan, up by 14.2 percent over the previous year. Of the total, sales of commodities for entertainment, sports and health grew by 16.8 percent, and online sales went up by 65.0 percent. The retail sales of grain, oil, groceries, beverage, tobacco and liquor increased by 23.1 percent; that of clothing, shoes and hats, and textiles went up by 12.9 percent, that of daily necessities by 18.8 percent, books and other publications by 15.9 percent, household appliances and audio-video equipment by 12.3 percent, stationery by 22.0 percent, mechanical and electrical products and equipment by 22.7 percent and automobiles by 15.0 percent.

 

Table 3: Retail Sales of Consumer Goods and Growth Rate in 2014

Item

Sales (100 million yuan)

Growth rate (percent)

Total

10081.9

12.8

Sales in urban region

9062.5

12.8

Sales in rural region

1019.4

12.4

Of which: above the designated size

5084.5

11.1

Total retail sales of the legal entities of wholesale and retail industry above designated size

4155.9

14.2

Of which: Grain, oil, food, beverage, alcohol and tobacco

508

23.1

Clothes, shoes, hats and textiles

311.5

12.9

Cosmetics

47.5

16.6

Jewelry

70.4

8.3

Necessities

122.8

18.8

Hardware and electrical materials

50.7

27.6

Sports and entertainment

8

10.4

Books, magazines and other publications

73.5

15.9

E-journals and audiovisual products

3.9

26.2

Household appliances and audiovisual equipment

279.3

12.3

Western medicine and traditional Chinese medicine

260.7

15.9

Stationery

62.1

22

Furniture

28.9

15.3

Communication equipment

44.9

20.1

Coal and related products

60.5

17.9

Petroleum and related products

805.1

4.7

Renovation and decoration materials

67.8

15.9

Electromechanical products and equipment

39.3

22.7

Vehicles

1184.6

15

 

In 2014, the CPI (Consumer Price Index) in Hunan increased by 1.9 percent over the previous year. The CPI in urban and rural areas went up by 2.1 and 1.4 percent respectively. The retail price of commodities rose by 1.2 percent, while the industrial cost price and purchase price declined by 1.6 and 2.1 percent respectively. Price of fixed assets investment went up by 1.5 percent. The agricultural cost price went down by 1.4 percent, while agricultural purchase price rose by 0.2 percent.

 

Table 4: Growth Rates of Consumer Price Index (CPI) in 2014

Item

Growth rate (%)

CPI

1.9

Of which: Food

2.6

Tobacco, alcohol and necessities

-0.5

Clothing

1.7

Household appliances and maintenance service

1.3

Health care and personal care

2.1

Transportation and communication

0.2

Entertainment, education and related service

3

Housing

1.4

 

Ⅵ. Foreign Economic Relations
Hunan’s total import & export value was worth 190.69 billion yuan, representing a year-on-year increase of 22.2 percent. Of the total, the export value was 123.04 billion yuan and the import value was 67.65 billion, up by 33.9 percent and 5.4 percent respectively. In terms of types of trade, the export value of general trade reached 86.64 billion yuan, up by 38.1 percent, and that of processing trade totaled 32.15 billion, up by 15.4 percent. Considering key commodities, the export value of mechanical and electrical products was 51.62 billion yuan, with a growth of 44.3 percent, accounting for 42.0 percent of the total export value and up by 3.1 percent than the previous year; that of new high-tech products totaled 14.75 billion yuan, rising by 43.4 percent and accounting for 12.0 percent and up by 0.8 percent than the previous year, and that of agricultural products was 6.72 million yuan, increasing by 22.6 percent.

 

Table 5: Total Import & Export Value and Growth Rates in 2014

Target

Absolute Amount of Volumes (100 million yuan)

Increase over 2013 (%)

Total Import & Export Value

1906.9

22.2

Export

1230.4

33.9

  Classified by Trade Types

 

 

Of which: General trade

866.4

38.1

          Processing trade

321.5

15.4

 Classified by Main Commodities

 

 

Of which:  Mechanical & electrical products

516.2

44.3

         High-tech products

147.5

43.4

         Agricultural products

67.2

22.6

Import

676.5

5.4

 Classified by Trade Types

 

 

Of which: General trade

408.8

-5

         Processing trade

214

9.5

 Classified by Mainey Commodities

 

 

Of which:  Mechanical&electrical products

253.4

32.7

          High-tech products

93.4

32.5

           Agricultural products

24.3

-16.6

 

The actual utilized FDI (foreign direct investment) in Hunan was 10.27 billion USD, a year-on-year increase of 17.9 percent. FDI in the primary, secondary and tertiary industry was 0.58, 6.58 and 3.10 billion USD, increasing by 9.1, 12.2 and 34.7 percent respectively. Hunan introduced 24 foreign-funded projects, each of which was worth over 30 million USD. It also attracted three enterprises ranking in the Fortune 500 within the year. By the end of 2014, 134 enterprises of the Fortune 500 had invested in Hunan. Moreover, it attracted 330.08 billion yuan of actual investment from other provinces in China, up by 14.5 percent. Of the total, the investment in the primary, secondary and tertiary industry was 10.46, 212.80 and 106.81 billion yuan, up by 5.8, 13.4 and 17.6 percent respectively. 803 projects worth over a hundred million yuan were introduced from other provinces, a rise of 18.3 percent; the actual funds was 165.53 billion yuan, increasing by 30.4 percent.

 

The value of new contracts on foreign projects, labor service cooperation and design consultation signed by the province totaled 5.19 billion USD, growing by 14.8 percent year on year. A 4.08 billion USD turnover has been achieved, up by 23.3 percent; and there were 69 thousand expatriate labors, up by 16.1 percent. It authorized 144 foreign investment companies, with an investment of 2.15 billion USD for foreign contracts.

 

Ⅶ. Transportation, Post, Telecommunications and Tourism
Hunan’s total converted turnover volume of freight traffic was 513.76 billion ton-km, a year-on-year increase of 6.9 percent. The turnover volume of goods traffic was 415.93 billion ton-km, a growth of 7.7 percent. Of the total, goods transported via rail were 85.83 billion ton-km, a decrease of 11.5 percent, and that by road was 257.89 billion ton-km, increasing by 10.7 percent. The total turnover volume of passenger traffic was 178.01 billion person-km, a rise of 5.5 percent. Of the total, passengers traveling by rail increased to 89.12 billion person-km, 2.9 percent higher than the previous year; that by road grew to 77.65 billion person-km, up by 7.6 percent, and that utilizing civil aviation reached 10.96 billion per-km, increasing by 12.9 percent.

 

Table 6: Freight and Passenger Traffic by All Means of Transportation and Growth Rates in 2014

Item

Unit

Volume

Increase over 2013 (percent)

Turnover of passenger and freight traffic

100 million ton-km

5137.6

6.9

Total freight traffic

10 thousand tons

203587.4

10

Of which: Railways

10 thousand tons

4477.2

-8.7

Highways

10 thousand tons

172613.4

10.5

Waterways

10 thousand tons

25687

11.2

Civil Aviation

10 thousand tons

6.3

3

Pipelines

10 thousand tons

803.7

10.5

Total passenger traffic

10 thousand persons

162458.8

1.3

Of which: Railways

10 thousand persons

9556.7

4.8

Highways

10 thousand persons

150583.3

1.1

Waterways

10 thousand persons

1448.8

-2.1

Civil Aviation

10 thousand persons

870.1

15

 

The total highway mileage amounted to 236 thousand kilometers, 0.4 percent higher than that at the end of previous year. Among which, the expressway mileage increased by 409 kilometers to 5,493. Railway mileage totaled 4.5519 thousand kilometers, increasing by 13.0%, among which high-speed railway mileage increased by 506 kilometers to 1,110. The total number of motor vehicles for civilian use reached 4.434 million, up by 11.5 percent, private-owned vehicles stood at 3.933 million, growing by 20.2 percent, and cars for civilian use numbered 2.341 million, up by 20.1 percent.

 

The turnover of post and telecommunication services totaled 74.50 billion yuan, up by 25.9 percent over the previous year. Of the total, post services was 8.12 billion yuan, an increase of 34.7 percent, and telecommunication services was 66.38 billion yuan, a growth of 24.9 percent. In 2014, the total capacity of office switchboards stood at 6.694 million lines, falling 23.0 percent. The year also saw 8.441 million fixed telephone subscribers, decreasing by 8.5%. Mobile phone users numbered 47.297 million by the end of 2014, with 363 thousand new subscribers. The number of Internet users was 7.544 million, a year-on-year increase of 5.0 percent.

 

The year 2014 registered 410 million domestic tourists in Hunan, rising by 14.4 percent compared with that of 2013. The number of inbound visitors to China totaled 2.195 million, a fall of 4.8 percent. The overall revenue generated by tourism amounted to 305.07 billion yuan, a jump of 13.8 percent. Domestic revenue reached 300.15 billion yuan, marking a 14.1 percent growth, while foreign exchange earnings, decreasing by 2.8 percent, lowered to 800 million USD.

 

Ⅷ. Finance, Banking and Insurance

Hunan’s total fiscal revenue reached 362.97 billion yuan, up by 9.5 percent compared with the previous year, and local fiscal revenue, totaling 225.99 billion yuan, increased by 11.3 percent. Of the total, tax revenue and nontax revenue reached 143.82 billion yuan (a 10.7 percent increase) and 82.18 billion yuan (a 12.3 percent increase) respectively. Tax revenue turned over to central government was 104.73 billion yuan, a 5.0 percent growth, including 31.71 billion yuan income tax, a 13.1 percent increase. Hunan’s fiscal expenditure totaled 502.45 billion yuan, up by 7.1 percent. The expenditures for general public services, education, social security and employment, health care and family planning, urban and rural communities affairs, agriculture, forestry and water affairs as well as housing security, were 67.44 billion yuan (an increase of 15.0 percent), 82.29 billion yuan (an increase of 1.7 percent), 67.40 billion yuan (an increase of 7.7 percent), 41.42 billion yuan (an increase of 7.8 percent), 45.63 billion yuan (an increase of 17.5 percent), 53.62 billion yuan (an increase of 3.8 percent) and 19.26 billion yuan (an increase of 10.3 percent) respectively.

 

Table 7: Total Public Revenue, Expenditure & Growth Rates in 2014

Target

Absolute Mount of Volumes (billion yuan)

Increase over 2013 (percent)

Total Public Revenue

362.97

9.5

Of Which: Local Fiscal Revenue

225.99

11.3

Of Which: Tax Revenue

143.82

10.7

Nontax Revenue

82.18

12.3

Tax Revenue Turned Over to Central Government

104.73

5

Income Tax Turned over to Central Government

31.71

13.1

Total Public Service

502.45

7.1

By General Public Service

67.44

15

Education

82.29

1.7

Science & Technology

5.91

6.5

Culture, Sports & Media

8.06

17

Social Security & Employment

67.4

7.7

Healthcare & Family Planning

41.42

7.8

Energy Saving & Environmental Protection

12.92

0.4

Urban and Rural Communities Affairs

45.63

17.5

Agriculture, Forestry & Water Affairs

53.62

3.8

Housing Security

19.26

10.3

 

Savings deposits in RMB and other currencies in all items of financial institutions totaled 3,025.56 billion yuan at the end of the year, a 337.65 billion yuan increase compared to the start of the year. Of the total, corporate deposit and individual deposit were 1,235.74 billion yuan and 1,676.71 billion yuan, increased by 137.22 billion yuan and 198.26 billion yuan respectively. By the end of the year, loan balance in RMB and overseas currencies in all items of financial institutions totaled 2,078.31 billion yuan, an increase of 252.44 billion yuan in relation to the beginning of the year. Of the total, short-term loan balance and medium and long-term loan balance were 605.90 billion yuan and 1,431.27 billion yuan, up by 38.64 billion yuan and 200.78 billion yuan respectively. Besides, loan balance for development of real estate, SMEs (small and medium-sized enterprises) and security housing was 119.69 billion yuan, 734.57 billion yuan and 28.0 billion yuan respectively.

 

Table 8: Savings Deposit, Loans & Increments in RMB and Foreign Currencies in All Financial Institutions at the End of 2014

Target

Year-end Figure(billion yuan)

Increment over 2013 (billion yuan)

Saving Deposit

3025.56

337.65

Of which: Corporate Deposit

1235.74

137.22

Individual Deposit

1676.71

198.26

Of Which: Deposit in RMB

3007.34

331.67

Loans

2078.31

252.44

Of Which: Short-term Loans

605.9

38.64

Medium and Long-term Loans

1431.27

200.78

Of Which: Loans in RMB

2035.64

246.4

 

There were 93 listed companies in Hunan Province by the end of 2014, among which 78 are domestic ones and 15 overseas ones. The direct financing of the province totaled 185.63 billion yuan, up by 30.7 percent. Of the total, 40.37 billion yuan (an increase of 181.7%) was raised through first issue, additional issue, allotment of shares and issue of corporate bonds etc. At the end of the year, there were 255 stock companies in the province with 4,166.26 billion yuan trading volume. Three futures companies in the area have been established with 9,448.57 billion yuan business volume.

 

The annual original premium income, marking a 15.6 percent increase, reached 58.77 billion yuan. Of the total income, income from life insurance, health insurance, accident insurance and property insurance was 31.7 billion yuan (a 10.8 percent increase), 4.35 billion yuan (an increase of 33.0 percent), 1.6 billion yuan (an increase of 15.5 percent) and 21.13 billion yuan (an increase of 20.2 percent) respectively. Meanwhile, the total claim was 22.63 billion yuan, a growth of 17.4 percent.

 

Ⅸ. Education, Science and Technology

There were 109 regular institutions of higher learning at the end of the year. The number of postgraduates was 19 thousand, the number of graduates from university and specialized colleges associated with general higher education was 296 thousand, and that of graduates from secondary vocational schools was 205 thousand. The number of senior secondary school graduates, junior secondary school graduates and primary school graduates was 320 thousand, 652 thousand and 741 thousand respectively. Kindergartens accommodated 2.032 million children, a year-on-year increase of 6.2 percent. Enrolment rate of school-age children in primary school hit 99.96 percent and the secondary gross enrollment rate was 89.0 percent. There were 2.34 million students enrolled in 11,699 non-government colleges and schools. 6.95 billion yuan was allocated for compulsory education in rural areas, 260 million yuan as a state stipend for senior secondary schools, and 1.06 billion yuan as scholarships and student grants for colleges and universities. 230 million yuan of state stipend was offered to 307 thousand students of secondary vocational schools and 1.12 billion yuan of tuition waivers to 924 thousand students of secondary vocational schools.

 

Table 9: New Entrants, Enrollments, Graduates and Their Growth Rates in Schools at All Levels 

Target

New Entrants

Enrollments

Graduates

 

Absolute Volume

Increase over 2013

Absolute Volume

Increase over 2013

Absolute Volume

Increase over 2013

 

(Ten thousand)

(percent)

(Ten thousand)

(percent)

(Ten thousand)

(percent)

 

Postgraduate Education

2.1

1.9

6.6

1.5

1.9

10

 

General Higher Education

34.5

5.8

113.6

3.2

29.6

0.5

 

Secondary Vocational Education

22.7

-0.7

64.5

-0.9

20.5

-13.5

 

Senior Secondary Education

36.5

-2.2

105.7

1.5

32

1.2

 

Junior Secondary Education

74.5

-2.8

220.6

3

65.2

-2.1

 

Primary Education

81.4

-4

473.8

1.3

74.1

-3.8

 

Special Education

0.3

32.9

1.6

55.4

0.1

-29.3

 

 

The year 2014 saw the establishment of a total of 14 national engineering (technology) research centers and 168 engineering (technology) research centers at the provincial level. There were 12 national key laboratories and 125 key laboratories at the provincial level as well as 33 national-recognized technology centers. A total of 4,879 technology transfer contracts were signed, representing 9.77 billion yuan in value. The number of scientific research results reached 953, with 20 National Scientific and Technological Advancement Awards, 3 National Awards for Technological Invention and two National Natural Science Awards. The super hybrid rice set a world record of yielding 1,026.7 kilograms per mu (0.0667 hectares). The first domestic and also world's second 8 inch IGBT special chip production line was put into operation and the National Supercomputing Center in Changsha was put into use. The number of patent applications and authorized patents reached 44,194 and 26,637 respectively, a year-on-year rise of 6.9 percent and 9.2 percent. Of this total, 14,474 patent applications for original inventions were accepted, up by 21.2 percent; and 4,160 patents for such inventions were authorized, up by 15.1 percent. The number of patent applications for enterprises, universities and colleges, and scientific research institutes reached 23,524, 5,806 and 596 respectively, while the number of authorized patents were 15,126, 3040 and 319. The value-added of new-and high-technology industry was 514.75 billion yuan, up by 20.7 percent.

 

Figure 4: Patent Applications and Authorized Patents, 2009-2014

 

By the end of 2014, 1,716 laboratories for product inspection were established in Hunan with 63 newly founded. Of the total, there were 19 national product quality supervision and inspection centers, including one new center; 103 legal metrology verification institutions; 104 special equipment inspection agencies, as well as 10,065 batches of key industrial products under quality random inspection. Hunan has involved in the development of 25 national standards and established 153 local standards. The mapping departments published 111 maps, providing 275,000 geodetic coordinates, 31,700 aerial photos and 59,291 basic geographic information data for social economic development.

 

X. Culture, Public Health and Sports

By the end of 2014, there were 103 art-performing groups, 142 mass art centers and culture centers, 136 public libraries, 103 museums and memorials, 13 radio broadcasting stations, and 15 television stations. Subscribers to cable television programs numbered 8,780,000 households, an increase of 369,000 households over the last year. Radio broadcasting and television broadcasting coverage rates were 93.48 percent and 97.51 percent respectively, up by 0.23 and 0.11 percentage point. There were 116 state-level intangible cultural heritage protection projects and 220 provincial level protection projects in the province. All sorts of books were issued under 11,300 categories, with 85 types of newspapers and 247 types of magazines. A total of 370 million copies of books were published, and 1.36 billion copies of newspapers and 140 million copies of magazines were issued.

 

By the end of 2014, there were 61,572 medical and health institutions in the province, including 1,018 hospitals, 139 maternal and child health-care institutions, 86 specialized epidemic disease prevention and control centers, 2298 township health centers, 666 community health service centers, 9,584 clinics, and 44,699 village clinics. There were a total of 341,000 health workers, an increase of 5.5 percent over the last year. Of the total, practicing doctors and assistant practicing doctors numbered 133,000, up by 4.6 percent; registered nurses numbered 136,000, up by 8.4 percent. The hospitals in the province possessed 248,000 beds, up by 15.3 percent and township health centers 84,000 beds, up by 8.0 percent.

 

The province carried out 2,453 mass fitness programs with a regular participation of 23.691 million. The number of administrative villages with newly-built farmer sports fitness projects was 5,000. The province witnessed 8 World Champions, 18 Asian Champions and 49 National Champions by the end of this year. There were altogether 72,926 sports ground and related buildings, including 218 stadiums, 5778 sports grounds, 388 swimming pools and 3444 all sorts of training rooms.

 

XI. Population, Living Conditions and Social Security

By the end of 2014, the population of permanent residents in Hunan reached 67.372 million, including 33.201 million urban residents with an urbanization rate of 49.28 percent, a year-on-year growth of 1.32 percent. The year 2014 saw 908 thousand births, a birth rate of 13.52 per thousand; 463 thousand deaths, a death rate of 6.89 per thousand and a natural population growth rate of 6.63 per thousand. The number of population aged 0-15 (under the age of 16) was 13.036 million, accounting for 19.35 percent of that of permanent residents; the number of population aged 16-59 (under the age of 60) was 43.071 million, accounting for 63.93 percent of that of permanent residents; the number of population aged over 60 was 11.265 million, accounting for 16.72 percent of the total of permanent residents. By the end of 2014, the number of employers in the province totaled 40.56 million, an increase of 195 thousand compared with that at the end of 2013.

 

Table 10:  Permanent Population and Its Composition by the End of 2014 

 

Item

Population by the End of 2013million

Proportionpercent

Permanent Residents

67.372

100

Of Which: Urban

33.201

49.28

Rural

34.171

50.72

Of Which: Male

34.711

51.52

Female

32.661

48.48

Of Which: Aged 0-15

13.036

19.35

Aged 16-59

43.071

63.93

Aged over 60

11.265

16.72

Of Which: Aged 65 and above

7.424

11.02

 

In 2014, the annual per capita disposable income of population in the province was 17,622 yuan, up by 10.1 percent, an 8.0 percent growth in real items after adjusting for inflation; the annual per capita disposable income of urban residents was 26,570 yuan, up by 9.1 percent, a 6.9 percent growth in real items after adjusting for inflation; the annual per capita disposable income of rural residents was 10,060 yuan, up by 11.4 percent, a 9.9 percent growth in real items, after adjusting for inflation. Regionally, the per capital disposable income in Changsha-Zhuzhou-Xiangtan (CZT) city cluster reached 28,287 yuan, a year-on-year growth of 9.6 percent, 16,541 yuan in southern Hunan area (an increase of 10.0 percent) , 11,683 yuan in western Hunan (10.2 percent growth) as well as 16,061 yuan in Dongting Lake Ecological and Economic Zone, an increase of 10.1 percent.

 

The per capita consumption expenditure of urban residents was 18,335 yuan, an increase of 8.7 percent; and the per capita living expenditure of rural residents was 9,025 yuan, an increase of 15.2 percent. The ratio of expenditure on food to the total consumption expenditure of households (Engel’s coefficient) was 30.5 percent for urban households and 34.3 percent for rural households.

 

Figure 5: Per Capita Disposable Income of Urban Residents and the Real Growth Rates, 2009-2014

 

Figure 6: Per Capita Disposable Income of Rural Residents and the Real Growth Rates, 2009-2014

 

In 2014, a total number of 827 thousand new jobs were created in urban areas. At the end of the year, the number of people participating in urban basic pension programs for staff and workers was 11.183 million, a year-on-year increase of 266,000. Of the total, 7.694 million were staff and workers, and 3.489 million were retirees. A total of 22.984 million people participated in urban basic health insurance programs, including 8.078 million urban staff and workers and 14.906 million urban residents. A total of 5.095 million people participated in unemployment insurance programs, an increase of 478,000, a total of 7.48 million people participated in work accident insurance programs, an increase of 170,000 and a total of 5.376 million people participated in maternity insurance programs, an increase of 18,000. A total of 32.84 million rural residents registered in new rural social old-age insurance programs and 47.965 million (excluded Changsha residents) rural residents participated in new rural cooperative medical service programs with a participation rate of 99.3 percent. By the end of 2014, 141,000 staff and workers received unemployment insurance benefits. The monthly per-capita allowance of urban residents living on minimum government subsidy was 360 yuan with a monthly assistance reaching 266 yuan, and that for the counterpart in rural residents was 204 yuan, with a monthly assistance reaching 120 yuan. The total expenditure of lowest subsistence allowances was 4.37 billion yuan for urban residents and 4.21 billion yuan for rural residents. At the end of 2014, adoptive social welfare units of various kinds provided 184,000 beds, adopting 137,000 people. The province had 7,714 various community service facilities, among which 2,585 were comprehensive community service centers. A total of 7.29 billion yuan worth of social welfare lottery tickets was sold, raising 2.01 billion yuan for social welfare and received 190 million yuan from direct donations. By the end of the year, 3,686,000 rural dwellers had access to clean water. 169 county-level nursing homes were expanded or renovated. 117,000 rural households were supported to deal with their housing problems.

 

Ⅻ. Resources, Environment and Work Safety

A total of 143 kinds of mineral deposits have been discovered in the province and 108 kinds of minerals with proved reserves have been explored, including 7 energy-related minerals, 38 metallic minerals, 61 nonmetallic minerals and 2 liquid minerals. The number of geological exploration implementation projects (including continuing projects) totaled 381 and exploration projects of mine resources in the depth of traditional mine were 17. A total of 5 new mineral deposits of large or medium size were discovered. 14 major diggings and 4 minerals completed resource integration. There were 12 national geological parks and 4 geological relics reserves. A total of 291 comprehensive land consolidation projects at or above provincial level were implemented, harnessing 168,000 hectares of land.

 

In urban areas, the sewage treatment rate and the decontamination of urban refuse were 89. 9 percent and 99.7 percent respectively, up by 1.5 percent and 3.7 percent over last year. The air quality of 11 cities met the Grade II air quality standard, with two new cities over last year. 82.6 percent of actual monitoring surface water across sections met the Grade III standard. A total of 190 natural reserves with an area of 1,361,000 hectares were approved, including 22 national-level and 26 provincial-level natural reserves. The year 2014 witnessed the afforestation of a total of 392,000 hectares of waste mountains and lands and 20,000 hectares for the Grain for Green Project. Comprehensive land recovery program was applied to about 426.1 square kilometers of once eroded areas. At the end of the year, 968,000 hectares of hills were cordoned off for afforestation and the stocking volume of living woods reached 480,000,000 cubic meters; the forest coverage was 59.57 percent, up by 2.05 percent.

 

Preliminary estimation indicated that the total energy consumption of above-scale industrial enterprises this year amounted to 65,258,000 tons of standard coal equivalent, a deduction of 3.4 percent over the last year. Of the total, the energy consumption of the top six high energy-consuming industries amounted to 51,539,500 tons of standard coal equivalent, down by 3.6 percent. The energy consumption of above-scale industrial added value of 10.000 yuan was 0.65 ton of standard coal equivalent. Chemical oxygen demands, emissions of sulfur dioxide, ammonia nitrogen and nitric oxide decreased by 1.6 percent, 2.7 percent, 2.1 percent and 6.0 percent respectively.

 

A total of 5,522 work-related accidents of various kinds happened during production or operation were reported in the province, down by 5.0 percent. The death toll amounted to 995, down by 6.4 percent. The death toll from work accidents every 100 million yuan worth of GDP was 0.08 people, a decline of 16.5 percent; work accidents in industrial, mining and commercial enterprises caused 1.21 deaths out of every 100 thousand employees, a decline of 3.2 percent; the death toll in coalmines while producing one million tons of coal was 1.07, off 18.9 percent. This year witnessed 8,785 traffic accidents, up by 0.7 percent. And the road traffic death toll per 10 thousand vehicles was 2.02, a decrease of 7.3 percent.

 

 

Chinese source: hntj.gov.cn