In 2009, confronted with the international financial crisis, leaders of CPC Hunan Provincial Committee, Hunan Provincial People’s Government and Hunan people dedicated themselves to vigorous study and practice of the scientific outlook on development on the basis of comprehensive analysis, accurate judgment, resolute decisions and calm response.
Bearing the reality of Hunan in mind, they comprehensively implemented the package program of stimulating domestic demands and maintaining growth, as well as creatively boosting all aspects that help maintain development, enlarge domestic demands, adjust economic structure, promote employment and consolidate foundation. Owing to their efforts, a stable and rapid economic growth, as well as progress in all social undertakings was achieved.
The economy despite all hardships, maintained a secure and swift escalation. According to a rough estimate, GDP of the province reached 1,293.069 billion Yuan, 13.6% higher than the previous year. Among them, the primary industries saw an income of by 196.967 billion Yuan, an increase of 5%. Secondary industries added 58.219 billion Yuan, 18.9% higher than the previous year, while the tertiary industries amplified by 527.883 billion Yuan, up by 11%. The per capita GDP of the area reached 20,226 Yuan, 13.1% higher than the previous year.
New industrialization achieved remarkable progress. The whole industrial added value of the province accounted for 37.2% of the regional GDP, contributing a share of 50.3% to the provincial economic growth. The industrial added value of the province-level industry zone reached 144.319 billion Yuan, an increase of 19.7%. It comprised 34.0% of the industrial added value of massive industries. The added value of intensive processing industries and high-tech industries reached 128.043 billion and 18.869 billion, increasing by 29.6% and 22.5% respectively, 9.1% and 2.0% higher than the average massive industries. The added value of six energy-intensive industries reached 151.018 billion; up 13.9% with respect to such industries, yet 6.6% percent lower than the massive industrial sector. It accounted for 35.5% of the added value of massive industries, 4.4% lower than the previous year. The new products output value of the massive industry amounted to 138.085 billion, marking a 14.7% of growth. The supporting role provided by producer services was substantial, marking an added value of 233.963 billion, an 11.9% growth. It contributed a share of 16.2 % to the economic growth of the province, and drove the economic growth up by 2.2%.
The economic structure was optimized. Primary industries took a share of 15.2%, secondary industries 43.9, up 0.4 percent over the previous year, and the tertiary ones 40.9, a 0.8 percent growth. Non-public sectors of the economy added up to 709.920 billion Yuan, up 15.1%, making up 54.9% of the whole GDP of the province, 0.7 percent higher than the previous year. The added value of non-public massive industries hit 245.177 billion Yuan, showing a 27.1 % growth, making up 57.7% of the whole of massive industry, up 1.2% over the previous year.
The regional economy achieved harmonious development. The communications industry in Changsha, Zhuzhou and Xiangtan upgraded adequately, with integrated network and equality of charges maintained. Substantial progress was made in the pilot zone in the efforts of building a “two-oriented society” in Changsha, Zhuzhou and Xiangtan, and the core growth pole played an increasingly prominent role. According to a rough estimated, the GDP of Changsha, Zhouzhu and Xiangtan totaled 550.671 billion Yuan, up 14.5%. The GDP of the “3+5”region reached 1034.752 billion Yuan, marking a 14.0% growth. The grand western Hunan developed relatively faster, achieving a GDP of 169.64 billion Yuan, up 13.0%, while the southern Hunan, marking a 14.9% growth, totaling 262.959 billion in GDP, became a new bright pinnacle.
People’s well-being was agreeably improved. 603.2 thousand new employments were added. Mobile employment was created for all households with no employed family member. Registered urban unemployment rate being 4.25% was reduced further, with employment assistances being offered to 156.9 thousand poverty-stricken rural families and 2,332 fishermen with no permanent housing in Dongting Lake area. 431 township health centers were built, and 240 township gerocomiums were renovated. Counties and cities adopting an outpatient pooling fund model of new rural cooperative medical system reached 55 and the reimbursement rate of inpatient services touched 41.44%. All planned-parenthood families received special payments. All of the above were realized as per the goal of the year. Each person in the households eligible for subsistence allowance in urban and rural areas collected 137 yuan and 47 yuan, 27 yuan and 2 yuan more than initially plan. 6746 free performances were staged in rural areas, 746 more than the set target. Besides, strengthening of overall control of social order, as well as social stability, people lived and worked in peace and contentment.
There were also numerous other tribulations: overseas market demand was sluggish, industrial restructuring was difficult, private capital flowed in with a slower pace, the goal of farmer’s revenue increase was hard to attain, and employment situation was still severe. All of these posed serious problems to the economic and social development.