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15 July 2015

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Hunan Province Statistical Communiqué for the 2013 Economic and Social Development

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In 2013, against economic downstream, lingering high temperature and draught, under the leadership of the CPC Hunan Provincial Committee and the Hunan Provincial People's Government, people of the province exerted great efforts to thoroughly carry out the deployment made by the central government and sticked to the general working style of making progress while maintaining stability. Endeavors were made to vigorously accelerate the balanced improvement of economic aggregate, average per capita share and economic development quality, and comprehensively promote the development of the "Two-oriented" Society (resource-saving and environment-friendly society) as well as new-type industrialization, new-type urbanization, agricultural modernization, and informatization. Based on classified guidance, moves were taken to build a moderately prosperous society in an all-round way, and coordinate work related to maintaining growth, adjusting structure, promoting reform and improving people's livelihood so as to advance the provincial economic and social development in a better manner while maintaining steady progress.  

  

1. General Outlook 

Based on the preliminary calculations, the total GDP of Hunan Province was 2,450.17 billion yuan, an increase of 10.1 percent compared with that of last year. Of the total, the added value of the primary industry, secondary industry and tertiary industry was 309.92 billion yuan, 1151.74 billion yuan and 988.51 billion yuan, a growth of 2.8 percent, 10.9 percent and 11.4 percent respectively. The per capita GDP calculated on permanent residents was 36,763, up by 9.3 percent. 

  

Figure 1: Gross Domestic Product and the Growth Rates, 2008-2013 

 

 

The proportion of the three industries in the province was calculated as: 12.7:47.0:40.3. The industrial added value accounted for 40.8 percent of the regional GDP, a year-on-year decline of 0.4 percent; the added value of high-tech technologies made up 16.3 percent of the regional GDP, rose by 1.3 percent over the previous year. The contribution rate of the primary, secondary and tertiary industry was 3.5 percent, 51.9 percent and 44.6 percent respectively, among which the industrial added value contributed 46.4 percent and the added value of productive service industry accounted for 20.8 percent. The added value of non-public ownership sectors was 1,418.61 billion yuan, an increase of 11.5 percent, accounting for 57.9 percent of the regional GDP. 

  

Calculated by regions, the overall GDP of Changsha-Zhuzhou-Xiangtan City Cluster was 1,053.92 billion yuan, grew by 11.5 percent  over the same period of last year. The GDP of regions around the City Cluster was 1,964.54 billion yuan, with a growth of 11 percent; the GDP of southern Hunan was 501.67 billion yuan, increasing 10.3 percent; the GDP of western Hunan was 314.12 billion yuan, rising 8.8 percent and the GDP of Dongting Lake Ecological and Economic Zone was 624.61 billion yuan, a growth of 10.5 percent.  

  

II. Agriculture 

Among the primary industry of Hunan in 2013, the value added of agriculture hit 190.96 billion yuan, an increase of 2.8 percent over the previous year, while that of forestry was 21.28 billion yuan, up by 6 percent; and fishery reached 20.17 billion yuan, increasing by 6.3 percent. 

  

Hunan’s sown area of grain was 4.937 million hectares, a growth of 0.6 percent compared with that of the previous year; the sown area of cotton was 16 thousand hectares, decreased by 7.3 percent; the sown area of sugar crops was 14 thousand million hectares, a decrease of 1.6 percent; the sown area of oil-bearing crops was 1.383 million hectares, up by 4.6 percent; and the sown area of vegetable was 1.284 million hectare, a rise of 3.6 percent. 

  

The total output of grain in 2013 decreased by 2.7 percent than that of the previous year, among which the oil-bearing crops rose by 8 percent, cotton reduced by 21 percent, tea dropped by 7.9 percent, vegetable went up by 3.5 percent, flue-cured tobacco grew by 7 percent, pork, beef and mutton was up by 1.1 percent, poultry and eggs was down by 0.4 percent, milk reduced by 4.7 percent and aquatic products increased by 6.3 percent. 

  

The newly increased farmland effective irrigation area in 2013 reached 17 thousand hectares and the newly increased water-saving irrigation area was extended to 14 thousand hectares. 61 thousand water conservancy projects came into operation with an investment of 24 billion yuan, 800 million cubic meters of water conservancy earthwork was constructed, 1200 reservoirs was reinforced, and 8056 kilometers rural roads was built. 

  

III. Industry and Construction  

The total added value of the industry sector in Hunan hit 1.0001 trillion yuan, an increase of 11.1 percent compared with the same period of last year. The value added of industrial enterprises above designated size was up by 11.6 percent, the output value of new products of industrial enterprises above designated size, which grew by 23.2 percent, accounted for 13.1 percent of total industrial output value, one percent up from previous year. The added value of high processing industry and high technology industry above designated size increased by 14.1 percent and 27.3 percent respectively, while their value added accounted for 35.6 percent and 9 percent of that of industrial enterprises above designated size, up by 1 percent and 1.5 percent than the previous year. The value added of six high energy-consuming industries grew by 12.8 percent, accounted for 31.6 percent of the industrial enterprises above designated size. The added value of non-public ownership industrial enterprises above designated size increased by 14.7 percent. The value added of the Changsha metropolitan region industrial enterprises above designated size increased by 13.2 percent; that of the ring of the greater Changsha metropolitan region was up by 12.5 percent; that of southern Hunan area rose by 12 percent; western Hunan area increased by 9.4 percent; and Dongting Lake ecological and economic zone was up by 12.1 percent. 

  

Among the main industrial products of industrial enterprises above designated size, 272 kinds realized output growth, accounting for 66.3 percent of the total number of products. The installed power generation capacity was 127.72 billion kilowatts, up by 6.5 percent over that of the previous year. The output of plate glass stood at 18.328 million weight containers, increasing by 1.6 percent. Crude processing volume hit 9.451 million tons, rising by 3.5 percent. The output of cement and steel was 112.647 million tons and 19.779 million tons, up by 9.2 percent and  6.5 percent respectively. The output of ten kinds of non-ferrous metal rose to 3.014 million tons, up by 9.8 percent; while cars rose by 78.6 percent to 460 thousand,. 

  

Table 1: Output of Major Industrial Products and the Growth Rates in 2013 

 

Product

Unit

Output

Increase over

2012(percent)

Raw salt

10000 tons

256.9

1.3

Rice

10000 tons

1198.5

1.4

Fodder

10000 tons

1534.9

9.6

Refined edible vegetable oil

10000 tons

279.7

1.5

Cigarettes

100 million

1862.1

1.3

Machine made paper

and paperboard

10000 tons

421.4

-8

Crude oil

10000 tons

945.1

3.5

Sulfuric acid

(100 percent equivalent)

10000 tons

309.7

9.2

Caustic soda

(100 percent equivalent)

10000 tons

75

3.8

Synthetic ammonia

10000 tons

152.3

-4.4

Agricultural chemical fertilizers

(100 percent equivalent)

10000 tons

134.6

-21.5

Cement

10000 tons

11264.7

9.2

Plate glass

10000 weight containers

1832.8

1.6

Crude iron

10000 tons

1739.8

2

Crude steel

10000 tons

1840.4

4.8

Rolled steel

10000 tons

1977.9

6.5

Ten kinds of nonferrous metals

10000 tons

301.4

9.8

Silver

tons

7190.2

24.9

Crane

10000 tons

138

-5.9

Concrete machinery

10000

7.1

-8.3

Motor vehicles

10000

46

78.6

Cars

10000

31.8

95.2

Power-generating equipment

10000 kilowatts

135.9

41.9

Alternating-current motors

10000 kilowatts

1797.2

9.8

Electronic components

10000

656.3

25.2

Potential transformers

10000 kilowatts

10074.1

-2.3

Power generating capacity

100 million kilowatt-hours

1277.2

6.5

  

The operating revenue of industrial enterprises above designated size increased by 13.7 percent over the previous year and the profit hit 158.51 billion yuan after breaking even, an increase of 19.2 percent over previous year. Of this total, the profits of the state-owned enterprises was  18.99 billion yuan, up by 33.6 compared to that of the previous year; that of collectively-owned enterprises were 2.07 billion yuan, up by 19.3 percent; that of joint-equity cooperative enterprises were 0.94 billion yuan, up by 9.6 percent, that of joint-equity enterprises were 99.17 billion yuan, up by 18 percent; that of foreign-funded enterprises and investors from Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan were 12.88 billion yuan, up by 17.1 percent; and that of other domestic-funded Enterprises were 24.46 billion yuan, up by 16.1 percent. Industries above designated size and all industrial divisions have achieved growth in profit. Top five total profit making industries are: the dedicated equipment manufacturing industry, the nonmetallic mineral products industry, the chemical raw materials and chemical products manufacturing industry, the tobacco processing industry and the agricultural and sideline food processing industry, winning profits of 16.43 billion yuan, 13.47 billion yuan, 12.56 billion yuan, 11.86 billion yuan and 9.75 billion yuan respectively.     

                           

The value added of Hunan’s construction industry hit 151.64 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 9.1 percent. The profits made by construction enterprises qualified for general contracts and specialized contracts reached 18.44 billion yuan, a rise of 23.3 percent. The building area under construction was 431.419 million square meters, up by 18.5 percent while the completed  building area was 155.285 million square meters, an increase of 15.9 percent. 

  

IV. Investment in Fixed Assets 

The provincial investment in fixed assets (excluding rural households) increased by 26.1percent over the last year to 1, 838.14 billion yuan. Of the total investment, the investment in urban areas was 1,621.11 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 25percent while that in rural areas was 217.03 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 58.7percent. The investment in fixed assets of state-owned units, non-state-owned units, and private investment reached 557.44 billion yuan, 1,280.7 billion yuan and 1,147.75 billion yuan, grew by 21.7percent, 28.1percent and 29.9percent respectively. The investment in people’s livelihood, ecology, infrastructure, high-tech industry, technical innovation, and strategic emerging industry was 108.8 billion yuan, 61.81 billion yuan, 414.72 billion yuan, 70.51 billion yuan, 696.99 billion yuan and 420.6 billion yuan, rising by 110percent, 44.9percent, 25.6percent, 17.8percent, 23.8percent, and 35.5percent over the previous year. Classified by regions, the investment in Changsha-Zhuzhou-Xiangtan(CZT) city cluster, cities around the city cluster, southern Hunan, western Hunan, and Dongting Lake ecological economic areas was 731.36 billion yuan, 1,315.04 billion yuan, 398.57 billion yuan, 240.6 billion yuan and 371.18 billion yuan, up by 21.9percent, 26.6percent, 34.4percent, 33percent and 32.5percent respectively year on year. 

  

Table 2: Fixed Assets Investment (Excluding Rural Households) and Its Growth Rates by Sector in 2013 

 

        Sector

  Investment (billion yuan)

 Increase over 2012 (percent)

Fixed Assets Investment (Excluding Rural Households)

          1,838.14

      26.1

Agricultural Industry

           63.39

      35.4

Secondary Industry

           808.08

      27.6

  Mining

           64.76

      16.3

  Manufacturing

           666.8

      30.2

Production and Supply of Electricity, Heat, Gas and Water

           61.09

      20.2

Construction

           15.42

      5.5

Tertiary industry

           966.68

      24.3

Wholesale and Retail Trade

           59.21

      38.2

Transport, Storage and Post

           138.19

      10.4

Lodging and Catering Services

           24.71

      29.3

Information Transmission, Computer Services and Software

           9.31

      51.8

Financing Industry

           5.78

       24

Real Estate

           332.31

       16.3

Leasing and Business Services

           35.95

       20.2

Scientific Research and Technical Services

          13.96

       15.5

Water Conservancy, Environment and Public Facilities Management

          209.96

       40.2

Services to Households, Maintenance and Other Services

          8.64

        17.3

Education

          30.23

        34.6

Health and Social Work

          17.24

        43.6

Culture, Sports and Entertainment

          20.06

        68.8

Public Management, Social Security and Social Organization

          61.14

         25.8

  

The total number of the province’s construction projects reached 35,864, of which 24,329 went into operation in 2013. 2,730 construction projects worth more than 100 million yuan for each completed investment of 490.92 billion yuan, accounting for 26.7percent of the total investment.  A total of 1,116 kilometers of new expressway were built, increasing the total mileage of expressway to 5,080 kilometers by the end of 2013. 

  

The total investment in real estate development stood at 262.83 billion yuan, increasing by 18.9percent over the previous year. Of the total investment, the investment in residential housing was 184.58 billion yuan, up by 17.4percent. The sales area of commercial housing was 59.524 million square meters, rising by 15.6percent. The sales area of residential housing was 54.115 million square meters, up by 16percent. The sales volume of commercial housing and residential housing was 252.56 billion Yuan and 211.5 billion yuan respectively, grew by 21.1percent and 23.6percent. 

  

V. Domestic Trade and Prices 

Hunan’s total retail sales of consumer goods reached 894.06 billion yuan, a growth of 13.8 percent over the previous year. The retail sales of consumer goods in urban areas stood at 803.35 billion yuan, up by 13.9 percent and that in rural areas 90.71 billion yuan, up by 13.3 percent. In terms of regions, the total retail sales of consumer goods in Changsha-Zhuzhou-Xiangtan (CZT) city cluster, cities around the city cluster, southern Hunan, western Hunan and Dongting Lake ecological economic zone was 386.03 billion yuan, 684.3 billion yuan, 173.29 billion yuan, 113.78 billion yuan and 197.59 billion yuan, a year-on-year growth of 14.1 percent, 14 percent, 13.5 percent, 13.4 percent and 13.9 percent. 

  

The total retail sales of the legal entities of wholesale and retail industry above designated size stood at 349.49 billion yuan, up by 16.3percent over the previous year. Of the total, the retail sales of grain, oil, groceries, beverage, tobaccos and liquors increased by 14.8percent; that of clothing, shoes and hats, and textiles by 14.8percent, and that of gold, silver and jewelry by 40percent, that of daily necessities by 19.7percent, that of household appliances and audio-video equipment by 23.8percent, that of petroleum and petroleum products by 9.8percent and that of cars by 18.3percent. 

  

VI. Foreign Economic Relations 

Hunan’s total import & export value was worth 25.16 billion USD, a year-on-year increase of 14.7percent. Of the total, the export value was 14.82 billion USD and the import value was 10.34 USD, up by 17.6percent and 10.7percent respectively. In terms of types of trade, the export value of general trade reached 10.11 billion USD, up by 16.8percent, and that of processing trade totaled 4.5 billion USD, up by 17.4percent. Considering key commodities, the export value of mechanical and electrical products was 5.77 billion USD, with a growth of 13.4percent, accounting for 38.9percent of the total export value, that of new high-tech products totaled 1.66 billion dollars, rising by 20percent and accounting for 11.2percent, and that of agricultural products was 880 million dollars, increasing by 24.2percent. 

  

Table 3:Total Import & Export Value and Growth Rates in 2013 

 

Target

Absolute Amount of Volumes (hundred million dollars)

Increase over 2012 (percent)

Total Import & Export Value

251.6

14.7

Export

148.2

17.6

  Classified by Trade Types

 

 

Of which:  General trade

101.1

16.8

          Processing trade

45

17.4

 Classified by Main Commodities

 

 

Of which:  Mechanical & electrical products

57.7

13.4

         High-tech products

16.6

20

         Agricultural products

8.8

24.2

Import

103.4

10.7

 Classified by Trade Types

 

 

Of which:  General trade

69.2

4.6

         Processing trade

31.6

24.6

 Classified by Mainey Commodities

 

 

Of which:  Mechanical&electrical products

30.8

-12.5

          High-tech products

11.6

-3.4

           Agricultural products

4.7

24.5

 

The actual utilized FDI (foreign direct investment) in Hunan was 8.7 billion USD, a year-on-year increase of 19.6percent. Of the total, that of industry was 5.82 billion USD, up by 3.8percent. It introduced 36 foreign-funded projects, each of which was worth over 30 million USD. It also attracted three enterprises ranking in the Fortune 500 within the year. By the end of 2013, 131 enterprises of the Fortune 500 had invested in Hunan. Moreover, it attracted 288.39 billion yuan of actual investment from other provinces in China, up by 17percent. Of the total, the investment in industry was 179.89 billion yuan, up by 15.6 percent. 679 projects worth over ten thousand yuan were introduced from other provinces, a rise of 17.7 percent; and the actual funds was 126.91 billion yuan, increasing by 19.8percent. 

The value of new contracts on foreign projects, labor service cooperation and design consultation signed by the province totaled 4.52 billion USD, growing by 41.0percent year on year. A 3.3 billion USD turnover has been achieved, up by 28.3percent; and there were 60 thousand expatriate labors, up by 9.3percent. It authorized 168 foreign investment companies, with an investment of 1.58 billion USD for foreign contracts.

 

VII. Transportation, Post, Telecommunications and Tourism 

Hunan’s total converted turnover volume of freight traffic was 524.86 billon ton-km, a year-on-year increase of 7percent. The turnover volume of goods traffic was 428.19 billion ton-km, a growth of 6.9percent.Of the total, goods transported via rail were 96.95 billion ton-km, a decrease of 7.1percent, and that by road was 271.31 billion ton-km, increasing by 13.4percent. The total turnover volume of passenger traffic was 189.15 billion person-km, a rise of 8.2percent. Of the total, passengers travelling by rail increased to 86.57 billion person-km, 7.6percent higher than the previous year, that by road grew to 92.51 billion person-km, up by 8.3percent, and that utilizing civil aviation reached 9.8 billion per-km, increasing by 12.5percent.

 

Table 4: Freight and Passenger Traffic by All Means of Transportation andthe Growth Rates in 2013

 

Item

Unit

Volume

Increase over 2012 (percent)

Total freight traffic

10 thousand tons

211405.9

9.9

Railways

10 thousand tons

4901.4

1.6

Highways

10 thousand tons

185073.2

11.3

Waterways

10 thousand tons

20690.2

7.5

Civil Aviation

10 thousand tons

6.1

2.3

Pipelines

10 thousand tons

735

6.3

Freight flows

10 thousand persons

197591.4

7.3

Railways

10 thousand persons

9116.8

0.0

Highways

10 thousand persons

186333.6

12.7

Waterways

10 thousand persons

1384.2

5.9

Civil Aviation

10 thousand persons

756.8

2.9

       

 

The total highway mileage amounted to 235 thousand kilometers, 0.6 percent higher than that at the end of previous year. The total number of motor vehicles for civilian use reached 3.978 million, up by 16.9 percent, private-owned vehicles stood at 3.272 million, growing by 20.6 percent and cars for civilian use numbered 1.949 million, up by 23.1 percent. 

  

The turnover of post and telecommunication services totaled 53.9 billion yuan , up by 10 percent over the previous year. Of the total, post services was 6.03 billion yuan, an increase of 23.8 percent, and telecommunication services was 47.87 billion yuan, a growth of 8.5 percent. In 2013, the total capacity of office switchboards stood at 8.698 million lines, falling 3.1 percent. The year also saw 9.23 million fixed telephone subscribers. Mobile phone users numbered 45.633 million by the end of 2013, with 2.564 million new subscribers added this year. The number of Internet users was 7.181 million, a year-on-year increase of 15.9 percent. 

  

The year 2013 registered 360 million domestic tourists in Hunan, rising by 18.3 percent compared with that of 2012. The number of inbound visitors to China totaled 2.307 million, a growth of 2.7 percent. The overall revenue generated by tourism amounted to 268.19 billion yuan, a jump of 20 percent.  

  

The year 2013 registered 3.26 billion domestic tourists, up 10.3 percent over the previous year. The revenue from domestic tourism totaled 2,627.6 billion yuan, up 15.7 percent. The number of inbound visitors to China totaled 129.08 million, a decrease of 2.5 percent. Of this total, 26.29 million were foreigners, down 3.3 percent; and 102.79 million were Chinese compatriots from Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan, down by 2.3 percent. Of all the inbound tourists, overnight visitors were 55.69 million, down 3.5 percent. Foreign exchange earnings from international tourism topped 51.7 billion US dollars, up 3.3 percent. The number of China’s outbound visitors totaled 98.19 million, up 18.0 percent. Of this total, 91.97 million were on private visits, a year-on-year rise of 19.3 percent. Of the total, domestic revenue, marking a 20.9 percent growth, reached 263.09 billion yuan, while foreign exchange earnings, marking an 11.4percent decrease, lowered to 820 million dollars.    

  

VIII. Finance, Banking and Insurance 

Hunan’s total fiscal revenue reached 330.73 billion yuan, up by 12.6 percent compared with the previous year and local fiscal revenue, totaling 202.36 billion yuan, increased by 13.5 percent. Of the total, tax revenue and nontax revenue reached 129.78 billion yuan (a 16.8 percent increase) and 72.58 billion yuan (an 8.1 percent increase) respectively. Tax revenue turned over to central government was 99.67 billion yuan, a 10.6 percent growth, including 28.02 billion yuan income tax, a 13.1percent increase. Hunan’s total fiscal expenditure totaled 463.55 billion yuan, up by 12.5percent. The expenditures for general public services, social security and employment, health care, urban and rural communities affairs as well as agriculture, forestry and water affairs were 69.04 billion yuan (an increase of 25.5percent), 61.57 billion yuan (an increase of 17.1percent), 33.51 billion yuan (an increase of 13.9percent), 35.54 billion yuan (an increase of 17.6percent) and 50.03 billion yuan (an increase of 11.7percent) respectively. 

 

Table 5 Total Public Revenue, Expenditure & Growth Rates in 2013 

 

Target

Absolute Mount of Volumes (billion yuan)

Increase over 2012 (percent)

Total Public Revenue

330.73

12.6

Of Which: Local Fiscal Revenue

202.36

13.5

Of which: Tax Revenue

129.78

16.8

Nontax Revenue

72.58

8.1

Tax Revenue Turned Over to the Central Government

99.67

10.6

Income Tax Turned Over to the Central Government

28.02

13.1

Total Public Expenditures

463.55

12.5

By General Public Services

69.04

25.5

Education

80.79

0

Science& Technology

5.4

12

Culture, Sports & Media

6.65

22

Social Security & Employment

61.57

17.1

Health Care

33.51

13.9

Energy Saving & Environmental Protection

12.02

9.9

Urban and Rural Communities Affairs

35.54

17.6

Agriculture, Forestry & Water Affairs

50.03

11.7

Housing Security

16.61

-10.7

 

Savings deposits in RMB and other currencies in all items of financial institutions totaled 2,687.6 billion yuan at the end of the year, a 372.56 billion yuan increase compared to the start of the year. Of the total, corporate deposit and individual deposit were 1,096.04 billion yuan and 1,478.45 billion yuan, increased by 149.89 billion yuan and 207.63 billion yuan respectively. By the end of the year, loan balance in RMB and overseas currencies in all items of financial institutions totaled 1,814.11 billion yuan, an increase of 244.87 billion yuan in relation to the beginning of the year. Of the total, short-term loan balance and medium and long-term loan balance were 556.51 billion yuan and 1,229.49 billion yuan, up by 74.95 billion yuan and 175.56 billion yuan respectively. Besides, loan balance for development of real estate, SMEs (small and medium-sized enterprises) and security housing was 91.51 billion yuan, 712.54 billion yuan and 15.06 billion yuan respectively.

 

Table 6: Savings Deposit, Loans & Increments in RMB and Foreign Currencies in All Financial Institutions at the End of 2013 

 

Target

Year-end figure (billion yuan)

Increment over 2012 (billion yuan)

Savings Deposit

2,687.6

372.56

Of Which: Non-financial Enterprises

1,096.04

149.89

Households

1,478.45

207.63

Of Which: Deposits in RMB

2,675.66

371.63

Loans

1,814.11

244.87

Of Which: Short-term Loans

556.51

74.95

Medium and Long-term Loans

1,229.49

175.56

Loans in RMB

1,777.5

239.47

  

There were 87 listed companies in Hunan Province by the end of 2013, among which 72 are domestic ones and 15 overseas ones. The direct financing of the province totaled 142.05 billion yuan, up by 19.5 percent. By the end of the year, there were 222 stock companies in the province with 2,728.58 billion yuan trading volume. And 4 futures companies in the area have been established with 8,547.04 billion yuan business volume. 

  

The annual original premium income, marking a 9.3percent increase, reached 50.86 billion yuan. Of the total income, income from life insurance, health insurance, accident insurance and property insurance was 28.61 billion yuan (a 0.9percent increase), 3.27 billion yuan(an increase of 33.3 percent), 1.37 billion yuan (an increase of 13.7 percent) and 17.6 billion yuan (an increase of 21.4 percent) respectively. Meanwhile, the total claim was 19.28 billion yuan, a growth of 35.1 percent.  

  

IX. Education, Science and Technology 

There were 107 regular institutions of higher learning at the end of the year. The number of graduates from university and specialized colleges associated with general higher education was 294 thousand, that of graduates with a master degree was 17 thousand, and that of graduates from secondary vocational schools was 237 thousand. The number of senior secondary school graduates, junior secondary school graduates and primary school graduates was 317 thousand, 667 thousand and 771 thousand respectively. Kindergartens accommodated 1.912 million children, a year-on-year increase of 8.4 percent. Enrolment rate of school-age children in primary school hit 99.96percent and the secondary gross enrollment rate was 88.2 percent. There were 2.199 million students enrolled in11,168 non-government colleges and schools. 

  

Table 7: New Entrants, Enrollments, Graduates and Their Growth Rates in Schools at All Levels 

 

Target

New Entrants

Enrollments

Graduates

Absolute Volume

Increase over 2012

Absolute Volume

Increase over 2012

Absolute Volume

Increase over 2012

(Ten Thousand)

(percent)

(Ten Thousand)

(percent)

(Ten Thousand)

(percent)

Graduate Education

2.1

3.5

6.5

4.1

1.7

6.2

General Higher Education

32.7

0.4

110.1

1.7

29.4

-4

Secondary Vocational Education

22.9

-9.6

65.1

-11.4

23.7

-5.7

Senior Secondary School

37.4

1

104.1

1.4

31.7

2.2

Junior Secondary School

76.7

3.2

214.3

1.5

66.7

-3.2

Primary School

84.8

-3.8

467.8

-1.3

77.1

0

Special Education

0.2

22.2

1

-1

0.2

54.5

  

The year 2013 saw establishment of a total of 14 national engineering (technology) research centers and 169 engineering (technology) research centers at the provincial level. There were 12 national key laboratories and 104 key laboratories at the provincial level. The province undertook 662 national projects in science and technology of various kinds. Of this total, 53 projects under the Hi-tech Research and Development Program (the 863 Program) were implemented in Hunan. A total of 6,544 technology transfer contracts were signed, representing 7.71 billion yuan in value. The number of scientific research results reached 902, with 15 National Scientific and Technological Advancement Awards, 4 National Awards for Technological Invention and one National Natural Science Award. The super hybrid rice set a world record of yielding 988.1 kilograms per mu (0.0667 hectares). China's Tianhe-2 earned the title of the world’s fastest supercomputer, and the world's first slope coal mine with long-distance and high-steep was successfully produced. The number of patent applications and authorized patents reached 41,336 and 24,392 respectively, a year-on-year rise of 15.8 percent and 5.1percent. Of this total, 11,938 patent applications for original inventions were accepted, up by 19.7 percent; and 3,613 patents for such inventions were authorized, up by 7.8 percent. The number of patent applications for enterprises, universities and colleges, and scientific research institutes reached 21,676, 4,821 and 610 respectively, while the number of authorized patents were 14,673, 2,529 and 367. The value-added of new-and high-technology enterprises was 398,93 billion yuan, up by 21.4 percent. 

  

Figure 2: Patent Applications and Authorized Patents, 2008-2013 

 

By the end of 2013, 1,653 laboratories for product inspection were established in Hunan with 69 new laboratories. Of the total, there were 18 national product quality supervision and inspection centers, including 2 new centers; 103 legal metrology verification institutions; 96 special equipment inspection agencies, as well as 9,593 batches of key industrial products under quality random inspection. Hunan has involved in the development of 20 national standards and established 156 local standards. The mapping departments published 125 maps, providing 30,056 geodetic coordinates, 11,329 aerial photos and 31,915 basic geographic information data for social economic development. 

  

X. Culture, Public Health and Sports 

By the end of 2013, there were 93 art-performing groups, 142 mass art centers and culture centers, 134 public libraries, 96 museums and memorials, 13 radio broadcasting stations, and 15 television stations. Subscribers to cable television programs numbered 8,401,000 households, an increase of 942,000 households over the last year. Radio broadcasting and television broadcasting coverage rates were 93.32 percent and 97.4 percent respectively, up by 0.37 and 0.23 percentage point. There were 99 state-level intangible cultural heritage protection projects and 220 provincial level protection projects in the province. All sorts of books were issued under 9771 categories, with 87 types of newspapers and 248 types of magazines. A total of 280 million copies of books were published, and 1.05 billion copies of newspapers and 130 million copies of magazines were issued. 

  

By the end of 2013, there were 61,359 medical and health institutions in the province, including 3,226 hospitals and township health centers, 139 maternal and child health-care institutions, 87 specialized epidemic disease prevention and control  centers, 655 community health service centers, 10,218 clinics, and 44,929 village clinics. There were a total of 321,000 health workers, an increase of 8.1 percent over the last year. Of the total, practicing doctors and assistant practicing doctors numbered 126,000, up by 8.1 percent; registered nurses numbered 126,000, up by 11.2 percent.  The medical and health institutions in the province possessed 296,000 beds, up by 10.6 percent. 

  

The province carried out 3,255 mass fitness programs with a regular participation of 23.687 million. The number of administrative villages with newly-built farmer sports fitness projects was 1,506. The province witnessed 8 World Champions, 12 Asian Champions and 42 National Champions by the end of this year. There were altogether 21,568 sports ground and related buildings, including 174 stadiums, 670 sports grounds, 265 swimming pools and 20,459 all sorts of training rooms. 

  

XI.  Population, Living Conditions and Social Security 

By the end of 2013, the population of permanent residents in Hunan reached 66.906 million including 32.08 million urban residents with an urbanization rate of 47.96 percent, a year-on-year growth of 1.31 percent. The year 2013 saw 900 thousand births, a birth rate of 13.50 per thousand 464 thousand deaths, a death rate of 6.96 per thousandand a natural population growth rate of 6.54 per thousand. The number of population aged 0-14 (under the age of 15) was 12.137 million, accounting for 18.14 percent of that of permanent residents, 0.14 percentage point higher than that at the end of 2012; the number of working-age population aged 15-59 (under the age of 60) was 43.978 million, a decrease of 105 thousand, accounting for 65.73 percent of that of permanent residents, dropped by0.67 percentage point over the previous year; the number of population aged over 60 was 10.791 million accounting for 16.13 percent of the total of permanent residents, 0.53 percentage point higher than the last year. By the end of 2013, the number of employers in the province totaled 40.35 million, an increase of 157 thousand compared with that at the end of 2012. 

 

Table 8:  Permanent Population and Its Composition by the End of 2013 

 

           Item

Population by the End of 2013 (million)

         Proportion (percent)

Permanent residents

        66.906

       100

 Of which: Urban

        32.088

       47.96

          Rural

        34.818

       52.04

 Of which: Male

        34.515

       51.59

          Female

        32.391

       48.41

 Of which: Aged 0-14

        12.137

       18.14

           Aged 15-59

        43.978

       65.73

           Aged over 60

        10.791

       16.13

 Of which:Aged 65 and above

         7.084

       10.59

 

  

In 2013, the annual per capita disposable income of urban residents was 23,414 yuan, up by 9.8 percent, a 7 percent growth in real items after adjusting for inflation; the annual per capita net income of rural residents was 8,372 yuan, up by 12.5 percent, a 9.8 percent growth in real items, after adjusting for inflation. The per capita consumption expenditure of urban residents was 15,887 yuan, an increase of 8.7 percent; and the per capita living expenditure of rural residents was 6,609 yuan, an increase of 12.6 percent. The ratio of expenditure on food to the total expenditure of households (Engel’s coefficient) was 35.1 percent for urban households and 38.4 percent for rural households. 

  

Figure 3: Per Capita Disposable Income of Urban Residents and the Real Growth Rates, 2008-2013 

 

 

Figure 4: Per Capita Disposable Income of Rural Residents and the Real Growth Rates, 2008-2013 

 

 

  

In 2013 , a total number of 801 thousand new jobs were created in urban areas. At the end of the year, the number of people participated in urban basic pension program for staff and workers was 10.917 million, a year-on-year increase of 436,000. Of the total, 7.623 million were staff and workers, and 3.295 million were retirees. A total of 23.162 million people participated in urban basic health insurance program, including 7.993 million urban staff and workers and 15.170 million urban residents. A total of 4.617 million people participated in unemployment insurance programs, an increase of 118,000, a total of 7.31 million people participated in work accident insurance, an increase of 372,000 and a total of 5.358 million people participated in maternity insurance programs. A total of 33.81 million rural residents registered in new rural social old-age insurance program and 47.29 million (excluded Changsha residents) rural residents participated in new rural cooperative medical service program with a participation rate was 98.98 percent. By the end of 2013, 121,000 staff and workers received unemployment insurance benefits. The monthly per-capita allowance of urban residents living on minimum government subsidy was 271, an increase of 22 yuan over the last year, and that for the counterpart in urban residents was 119, an increase of 16 yuan over the last year. The total expenditure of lowest subsistence allowances was 4.72 billon yuan for urban residents and 4.06 billion yuan for rural residents. At the end of 2013, adoptive social welfare units of various kinds provided 164,000 beds , adopting 138,000 people including children and the disabled. This province had 8,543 various community service facilities, among which 568 were comprehensive community service centers. A total of 6.03 billion yuan worth of social welfare lottery tickets was sold, raised 21.1 billion yuan for social welfare and received 340 million yuan from direct donations. By the end of the year, 3,726,000 rural dwellers had access to clean water. 205 county-level nursing homes were expanded or renovated. 127,000 rural households were supported to deal with their housing problems and 801,000 rural households living under the national poverty line received assistance on their farming production. 

  

XII. Resources, Environment and Work Safety  

 

A total of 144 kinds of mineral deposits have been discovered in the province and 109 kinds of minerals with proved reserves have been explored. The number of geological exploration implementation projects (including continuing projects) totaled 434 and exploration projects of mine resources in the depth of traditional mine were 30 last year. A total of 15 new mineral deposits of large or medium size were discovered. There were 12 national geological parks and 4 geological relics reserves. A total of 124 comprehensive land consolidation projects at or above provincial level were implemented harnessing 146,000 hectares of land.

 

In urban areas, the sewage treatment rate and the decontamination of urban refuse were 89 percent and 98.4 percent respectively, up by 3.7 percent and 2.7 percent over last year. The air quality of 9 cities met the Grade II air quality standard. 89.9 percent of actual surface water monitoring across sections met the Grade III standard. A total of 120 natural reserves with an area of 1,256,000 hectares were approved, including 19 state-level and 28 provincial-level natural reserves. The year 2013 witnessed the afforestation of a total of 404,000 hectares of waste mountains and lands. Comprehensive land recovery program was applied to about 430.3 square kilometers of once eroded areas. At the end of the year, 1,656,000 hectares of hills were cordoned off for afforestation and the stocking volume of living woods reached 444,801,000 hectares; the forest coverage was 57.52 percent, up by 0.18 percent.

 

Preliminary estimation indicated that the total energy consumption of above-scale industrial enterprises this year amounted to 67,339,000 tons of standard coal equivalent, an increase of 2.4 percent over the last year. Of the total, the energy consumption of the top six high energy-consuming industries amounted to 53,133,000 tons of standard coal equivalent, up by 3.9 percent. Of the industrial enterprises above designated size, coal consumption increased by 2.5 percent, crude oil consumption by 2.2 percent, natural gas by 10.6 percent and coke consumption was down by 1.7 percent. The energy consumption of above-scale industrial added value of 10.000 yuan was 0.73 ton of standard coal equivalent. Chemical oxygen demands, emissions of sulfur dioxide, ammonia nitrogen and nitric oxide decreased by 1.1 percent, 0.6 percent, 2.2 percent and 3.1 percent respectively. The comprehensive utilization rate of industrial solid wastes was 65 percent. Of the city functional areas subject to noise monitoring program, 90.4 percent enjoyed fairly good environment during day time and 74.7 percent at night, up by 2.3 percent and 3.5 percent respectively over the previous year.

 

A total of 5,855 work-related accidents of various kinds happened during production or operation were reported in the province, down by 4.1 percent. The death toll amounted to 1,069, down by 19.9 percent. The death toll from work accidents every 100 million yuan worth of GDP was 0.1 people, a decline of 15.4 percent; work accidents in industrial, mining and commercial enterprises caused 1.25 deaths out of every 100 thousand employees, a decline of 16.7 percent; the death toll in coalmines while producing one million tons of coal was 1.32, down 21 percent. This year witnessed 8,698 traffic accidents, down by 0.7 percent. And the road traffic death toll per 10 thousand vehicles was 2.15, a decrease of 6.5 percent.

 

Chinese source: hntj.gov.cn