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15 July 2015

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Transportation

Hunan transportation industry develops rapidly.

 

According to the statistics from the Hunan Provincial Statistic Bureau, by the end of 2014, Hunan's total converted turnover volume of freight traffic was 513.76 billion ton-km, a year-on-year increase of 6.9 percent. The turnover volume of goods traffic was 415.93 billion ton-km, a growth of 7.7 percent. Of the total, goods transported via rail were 85.83 billion ton-km, a decrease of 11.5 percent, and that by road was 257.89 billion ton-km, increasing by 10.7 percent. The total turnover volume of passenger traffic was 178.01 billion person-km, a rise of 5.5 percent. Of the total, passengers traveling by rail increased to 89.12 billion person-km, 2.9 percent higher than the previous year; that by road grew to 77.65 billion person-km, up by 7.6 percent, and that utilizing civil aviation reached 10.96 billion per-km, increasing by 12.9 percent.

 

The total highway mileage amounted to 236 thousand kilometers, 0.4 percent higher than that at the end of previous year. Among which, the expressway mileage increased by 409 kilometers to 5,493. Railway mileage totaled 4.5519 thousand kilometers, increasing by 13.0%, among which high-speed railway mileage increased by 506 kilometers to 1,110. The total number of motor vehicles for civilian use reached 4.434 million, up by 11.5 percent, private-owned vehicles stood at 3.933 million, growing by 20.2 percent, and cars for civilian use numbered 2.341 million, up by 20.1 percent.

 

Metro Lines


Changsha Metro Line 2, the first and a core line of east-west rail transit in Changsha, was open to traffic in December 2013. It runs through 3 passenger hubs of the city (West Station of Changsha, Changsha Railway Station and Changsha South Railway Station) and 4 passenger flow collector-distributor centers (Yinwanzhen, Wuyi Square, Furong Square and Yuanjialing). The underground line stretches as long as 22.262 kilometers, consisting of 19 stations, among which 6 are transfer stations.

 

Changsha Metro Line 2 westward extension began operation in 2015 end,extending from Wangchengpo Station to Meixi Lake area, which adds the total distance of Metro Line 2 to 26.579 km. (Find more info at "Celebrating the Opening of Changsha Metro Line 2" >>)



 

As of July 2016, four Metro Lines were under construction in Changsha:

 

Metro Line 1 (PhaseⅠ) starts from Kaifu District Government Station in the north, and ends up at Shangshuangtang Station in the south. It was started construction at the end of 2010, and has been put into trail operation since June 29, 2016. (Find more info at "Congratulations on the Opening of Changsha Metro Line 1" >>)

 

Line 3 (PhaseⅠ) began construction in late 2013, with 25 stations in total. Houjiatang Station had been completed. The tunneling construction between Changsha University Station and Yaquehu Station section started in July 2016. The 1.64 km long line is scheduled to finish shield tunnel excavating by October 2016.

 

Metro Line 4 (PhaseⅠ) began construction in late 2014, scheduling to be open in the end of 2019. Twenty-five stations are planned along the line. Shawan Park and Changsha South Railway Station stations have been finished building, and Fubuhe Station will be synchronously built with Line 3.

 

Line 5 (PhaseⅠ) started construction at the end of 2015.

 

 

Road & Highway


 

Hunan's total road mileage was less than 4000 kilometers till 1949, but it grew quickly after the founding of New China, especially after reform and opening-up in 1978.

 

According to the Hunan Expressway Administration Bureau, 58 highways and 5,084 kilometers have been built in Hunan Province by December 30 of 2013, among which 22 highways and 1,493 kilometers are under construction. The whole mileage reaches 6,577 kilometers in total, ranking 7th in the whole nation.

 

Ports 

 

Hunan is a water province. Centered on the Dongting Lake and including the Xiangjiang, Zijiang, Yuanjiang and Lishui trunk rivers, a complex water network connecting the Yangtze River in the north links up the whole province. Almost 11,968 kilometers of navigable inland water channels represent one-tenth of the country’s total, which makes Hunan rank third in China. The province has 63 ports with handling volume of 10000 ton draft or above, among which the ports of Yueyang, Changsha, Xiangtan, Zhuzhou, Hengyang, Changde, Yiyang are capable of handling one million tons of freight per annum. Since the year of 2000, the increasing rate of water capacity of Hunan is above 20%. In 2012, Hunan completed waterway freight volume of 187 million tons. It is estimated that the provincial waterway freight volume will reach 290 million tons.

 

 

The Chenglinji Port in Yueyang is the only deepwater harbor connecting the rivers and the seas along Yangtze River in Hunan Province. The seagoing vessels with a capacity of 10,000 tons can go directly to the port. The routes from Yueyang to countries and regions like Japan, Korea, Hong Kong and Taiwan have also been opened. Its container throughput has increased from 40,000 foot Equivalent Unit in 2009 to 200,000 foot Equivalent Unit in 2012, with the growth rate ranking first for three consecutive years in terms of inland port shipping along the Yangtze River.

 

On June 8, 2009, Chenglingji Newport officially started its operation. The first domestic inland river direct route from Chenglingji Port to Hong Kong and Macao was opened in 2012. This year, the second phase of the Newport has been preliminarily approved by the Hunan Provincial Department of Land Resources, and its agreement terms on the cooperation with China CommunicationsConstruction Co., Ltd. have been initially reached. Up to 2025, with the completion of the third phase, the port’s designed annual container throughput will reach 800,000 foot Equivalent Unit, making it a competitive leading port along the middle and upper reaches of the Yangtze River over Chongqing and Wuhan.

 

Chenglingji Port of Yueyang has been officially included in the first batch of designated ports for imported grain in China, and was the first authorized finished vehicles import port in central China, with its first batch of vehicles being approved for licensing on March 1st, 2016.

 

 

Changsha New Port has seven regional branch routes for international containers, and has initiated over 10 international routes to Korea, Japan, West of America, Europe, Australia, Africa, Eest of South America, and Mediterranean. The port has over 40 liners for import and export of international containers. As they enter the Xiangjiang River, freights are shipped to base ports all over the world via Shanghai port in Yangtze River. In this manner, an advantageous waterway network system, spreading globally and reaching various rivers and oceans, is established covering over 60% of load/ unload of containers in regional branch routes of Changsha and central Hunan. Within the single July of 2013, the container throughput of the port reaches 9,725, a year-on-year growth of 20%. Currently, the third phase of construction is under progress in Changsha New Port, whose annual throughput is expected to reach 10 million tons after the implementation.

 

Aviation 

 

 

Hunan has two international airports (Changsha Huanghua and Zhangjiajie Hehua airports) and three domestic airports (Changde, Yongzhou and Zhijiang airports). 

 

Changsha Huanghua International Airport is one of Hunan's major portals to the outside world, and an important civil aviation hub in China. Up to December 31, 2013, Changsha Huanghua International Airport recorded a passenger throughput of 16 million, making it the 12th airline hub with a passenger throughput of 16 million.In 2013, the airport has 84 destinations and has added or restored 14 destinations including Boracay, Da Nang and Chiengmai. Its network is now radiating over 70 medium or large cities of countries and areas like Korea, Japan, Hong Kong, Taiwan and southeast Asia. 

 

In 2012, the airline network spread wider with 78 destination cities. 5 airports in Hunan operate 118 airlines in total, which cover a vast majority of cities in China and Singapo, HK, Macau, Taipei, Osaka, Seoul, Thailand international cities and regions. The 5 airports in Hunan achieved a passenger throughput of 16.27 million person-times, transportation of 139,400 freights, and cargo throughput of 113000 tons. Changsha airport achieved passengers' throughput of 14.75 million person-times, ranking first in Central Region and 12th in Chinese airport; and foreign pass angers throughput 730100 person-times, which ranked top in Central Region for 8 years.

 

Okay Airways Company Limited, the first private airline in China, set up its Hunan branch in Changsha on the afternoon of December 12. Following China Southern Airlines and Xiamen Airlines, it becomes the third airline establishing branches in Hunan.

 

The Changsha-Anchorage-Los Angeles Flight launched its maiden trip on December 28, marking the opening of a direct flight from Hunan to America. Changsha becomes the fourth city in the mainland of China with the air services provided by American airlines after Beijing, Shanghai and Chengdu. Boeing 767-300ER airliners are adopted with the initial form of chartered flights. Twice-weekly regular lines will be available by the end of March in 2015.

 

Direct Flights from Changsha to Sydney was launched on Sept. 12, 2016. It is the first direct flight between Hunan and Oceania, and Hunan's third transcontinental direct flight route.

 

 

The Nanyue Airport in Hengyang was accepted by civil aviation industry on November of 2014, and is expected to obtain a transport airport use permit at the end of December, marking the official opening for business of Nanyue Airport. After negotiation and discussion with several airlines, it will launch flights to Beijing (Nanyuan) and Shanghai (Pudong).


Rail 


Hunan has a developed railway system. Six main railway lines including Jingguang, Xiangqian, Zhegan, Xianggui, Shichang and Zhiliu pass through the entire Hunan province. The Hunan sects of Loushen and Yuhuai lines have also been open to traffic. The Wuhan-Guangzhou High Speed Railway came into service at the end of 2009. The Hunan section has brought great benefits to the province. Six new projects, including the Hangzhou-Shangsha Passenger Railway, started in 2009. Once these are complete, they will represent a further significant improvement to Hunan’s rail network.

 

Hunan has seven main lines including Jingguang(Beijing-Guangzhou), Wuguang passenger transport line(Wuhan-Guangzhou), Hukun(Shanghai-Kunming), Jiaoliu(Jiaozuo-Liuzhou), Xianggui(Hunan-Guangxi), Luozhan(Luoyang-Zhanjiang) and Yuhuai(Chongqin-Huaihua). The railway operating mileage in Hunan reaches 3840.7 kilometers, including 604 kilometers passenger line. The proportion of double line railway and electrified railway are respectively 51.3% and 59.1%. The density of the railway network is 1.81 kilometers/hundred square kilometers. A "Two Verticality & Three Horizontality" railway network has been formed, carrying a function of "linking up the east and the west, the south and the north". The improvement of the railway network layout greatly promotes transport capability of Hunan province, and gives full play to the function of railway as main frame and huge gallery of comprehensive transportation.

 

 

Since July 2014, the testing and commissioning as well as dynamics examination has been carried out along the Changsha-Hangzhou section of the Shanghai-Kunming High-speed Railway which is expected to open the same year.  

 

When the railroad from Shanghai to Kunming will commence operation in 2015, it will join Beijing-Guangzhou High-speed Railway in Changsha, so that a cross-shaped transportation network will come into being. 

 

The Beijing-Guangzhou High-speed Railway has shortened the journey from Changsha to Wuhan to one hour, to Guangzhou two hours, and to Beijing five hours. With the Shanghai-Kunming High-speed Railway, it will take only three hours from Changsha to Hangzhou and Shenzhen, and four hours to Shanghai and Kunming.

 

Trains from Changsha to Shanghai section of the longest west-eastern high-speed railway, Hukun (Shanghai to Kunming) High-speed Railway, went into operation on December,2014. With this high-speed rail line, travel time between Changsha and Shanghai has been reduced to 4 hours and 26 minutes, and between Changsha and Hangzhou to 3 hours and 38 minutes.

 

Maglev Express

 

 

Changsha Meglev Express project, China's first domestically designed and manufactured magnetic levitation line, was started on May, 2014.

 

The maglev shuttles between Changsha South Railway Station and Huanghua International Airport, with a one-way journey of 18.55 km. The 48-meter-long train can carry 363 people in three carriages. The planned maximum speed is 100 km per hour.

 

The Meglev Express began trial operation on May 6, 2016.

 

(Find more info about Changsha Meglev Express at "Changsha's Maglev Opens to Traffic" >>)

 

Chang-Zhu-Tan Intercity Raiway

 

 

The Changsha-Zhuzhou-Xiangtan Intercity Railway was officially open to traffic on Dec. 26, 2016. This double-tracked interciety railway connecting Changsha, Zhuzhou and Xiangtan covers a total length of 104.36 km, running at a maximum speed of 200 km per hour. The commuting time among the three cities would be shortened in 30 minutes.

 

It is a core project of the “3+5” intercity railway transport network of Hunan Province. Construction starting on Sep. 30, 2010 with a total investment of 24.05 billion yuan, the 95.5-kilometer-long rail is a two-lane passenger-dedicated line covering 21 stations in total. 16 stations in the south of Changsha Station (excluding Zhuzhou Station) have been open right now, while seven stations to the west of Changsha Station are under construction and expected to be completed in 2017.

 

(Find more info at the special report "Changsha-Zhuzhou-Xiangtan Intercity Railway" >>)

  

International Railway Freight Trains

 

The first direct international railway freight trains from Hunan to Europe opened to operation in October, 2014. The lines of the freight trains is composed of a primary line and two auxiliary lines. The main line sets out from Changsha, leaves the country from Manzhouli (Machchuria) of Inner Mongolia, travels across Russia, Belarus, Poland and finally arrives in Duisburg of Germany, covering a distance of 11,905 km and runs for 16 to 18 days. Goods transported are mainly auto parts, porcelain, display screens, intelligence toys, and tea.

 

One auxiliary line starts from Changsha, leaves the country at Alashankou Port of Xinjiang, travels across Kazakhstan and finally arrives in Tashkent of Uzbekistan, covering 6,476 km for 11 days. The other auxiliary line is expected to be opened in November 2015, which will leave the country from Manzhouli of Inner Mongolia, and finally arrive in Moscow of Russia covering 10,090 km for 15 days.