The Official Website of the People’s Government of Hunan Province Mobile 中文 Francais 한국어 日本語

15 July 2015

Home > About Hunan > Social Security & Welfare

Social Security and Welfare

Resident Income


Hunan's per capita income for all 13 cities and one prefecture rose notably in 2017.


The National Statistics Bureau Hunan Survey Office released its survey result of per capita income and expense, and living conditions for each city and county. Changsha, Zhuzhou, Xiangtan, and Hengyang resident's disposable income was higher than the provincial average. Huaihua, Zhangjiajie, and the Xiangxi Autonomous Prefecture was less than 70% of the average.


Hunan's per capita disposable income surged in 2017. Changsha topped the list with 41,131 CNY, breaking the 40,000 mark for the first time and increasing 8.8% over last year. Zhuzhou ranked second with 31,234 CNY, increasing by 8.6%. Chenzhou, Changde, and Yiyang exceeded 20,000 CNY for the first time, respectively 21,527 CNY, 20,548 CNY, and 20,035 CNY, ranking 6th, 7th, and 8th in the province.


Though lowest in the province, Huaihua, Zhangjiajie, and Xiangxi's per capita disposable incomes had growth rate of more than 10%.


Chinese source:


Resident Consumption


The per capita consumption expenditure of population in the province was 15,750 yuan in 2016, up by 10.4 percent over the previous year. The per capita consumption expenditure of urban residents was 21,420 yuan, an increase of 9.8 percent; and that of rural residents 10,630 yuan, an increase of 9.7 percent. The ratio of expenditure on food to the total consumption expenditure of households (Engel's coefficient) was 29.9 percent for urban households and 31.7 percent for rural households, decreased by 1.3 and 1.2 percentage points each.


Social Securities


In 2016, a total number of 774 thousand new jobs were created in urban areas. At the end of the year, the number of people participating in urban basic pension programs for staff and workers was 12.039 million, a year-on-year increase of 432,000. Of the total, 8.111 million were staff and workers, and 3.858 million were retirees. A total of 26.461 million people participated in urban basic health insurance programs, including 8.296 million urban staff and workers and 18.165 million urban residents. A total of 5.375 million people participated in unemployment insurance programs, an increase of 163,000, and a total of 7.733 million people participated in work accident insurance programs. The number of people participated in maternity insurance programs totaled 5.429 million. 33.205 million urban and rural residents registered in social old-age insurance programs, 60.832 million participated in urban and rural medical service programs with a participation rate of 98.61 percent.


By the end of 2016, 154,000 staff and workers received unemployment insurance benefits. The total expenditure of lowest subsistence allowances was 3.92 billion yuan for 1.118 million urban residents and 4.73 billion yuan for 2.902 million rural residents. At the end of 2016, adoption agencies of various kinds provided 242,000 beds, adopting 147,000 people. The province had 12,006 various community service facilities, among which 6,035 were comprehensive community service centers. A total of 8.54 billion yuan worth of social welfare lottery tickets was sold, raising 2.4 billion yuan for social welfare. By the end of the year, 176 thousand rural decrepit houses were renovated, 415 thousand urban shanty towns altered, and 8,575 state-owned mining shanty towns transformed.


Data source: Statistical Communiqué on Hunan's Economic and Social Development in 2016