Hunan province faithfully implements the Scientific Outlook on Development. Efforts are made to incorporate health service into the building of a harmonious socialist society. Notable progress has been made in the improvement of the public health service system, the prevention and control of major diseases, the development of a system of rural medical and health care service, the promotion of Cooperative medical services and so on.
The construction of a public health system
By the end of 2014, there were 61,572 medical and health institutions in the province, including 1,018 hospitals, 139 maternal and child health-care institutions, 86 specialized epidemic disease prevention and control centers, 2298 township health centers, 666 community health service centers, 9,584 clinics, and 44,699 village clinics. There were a total of 341,000 health workers, an increase of 5.5 percent over the last year. Of the total, practicing doctors and assistant practicing doctors numbered 133,000, up by 4.6 percent; registered nurses numbered 136,000, up by 8.4 percent. The hospitals in the province possessed 248,000 beds, up by 15.3 percent and township health centers 84,000 beds, up by 8.0 percent.
Cooperative medical services
In recent years, historical changes have taken place in the rural health service. 1420 village-town clinics have been renovated or built and 53.4 thousand rural health service professionals have been trained free of charge with a governmental investment of 26.37 million yuan. Nearly 300 health care professionals have been assigned to the countryside to perform regular medical services. In 2006, the government allocated 28,662 yuan to build 611 town and township clinics, renovate or build hospitals and clinics. Great strides have been made in the development of a new type of rural cooperative medical system, with 18,572 farmers participating and 930 million yuan raised.
On July 21 of 2015, Hunan's first international medical center jointly established by Xiangya Hospital of Central South University and University of Pittsburgh Medical Center (UPMC) opened. The Center integrates outpatient service, hospitalization, physical examination, as well as check-up, treatment and recovery, mainly serving international patients who work, study and live in China.
Major disease control and prevention and medical technology
Work to prevent and control major diseases such as human avian influenza, cholera, AIDS, tuberculosis, schistosomiasis etc. has been intensified. Efforts have been made to further improve the AIDS epidemic monitoring network, and implement the "four-free and one care" policy to AIDS patients. The report and management of tuberculosis has been strengthened, with a TB prevention and control model launched with two-way referral, standardized treatment, unified registration and management between medical institutions and TB prevention and treatment institutions. In addition, the basic work of schistosomiasis control has been developed steadily, with 586 village health (schistosomiasis control) rooms being built, the practices and experiences of which are exchanged in the national schistosomiasis control system. Moreover, remarkable progress has been made in medical technology. Some interdisciplinary research and applications, such as genetic medicine, reproductive engineering, organ transplants, liver and gallbladder surgery, psychiatry etc. has attained advanced international level.