The Official Website of the People’s Government of Hunan Province Mobile 中文 Francais 한국어 日本語

15 July 2015

Home > About Hunan > National Customs

Ethnic Groups

 

Hunan is a province with rich national customs thanks to the colorful, vibrant and exciting ethinic groups, among which Han population accounts for 89.9 percent of the total population, while population of other ethnic groups accounts for 10.1 percent. Among the population of other ethnic groups, Tujia has a population of more than 2.6 million, Miao, a population of more than 1.9 million, Dong, a population of more than 800,000, and Yao, a population of more than 700,000.
 

The minority groups are Tujia, Miao, Dong, Yao, Hui, Bai, Zhuang, and Uighurs. The way of life and economy of the Miao and the Tujia are similar, and the two groups were not differentiated in the 1953 census, when they were officially referred to as Miao. They lived in the west where their economy is based on the cultivation of terraced fields on hills and in narrow valleys. They grow corn on mountain slopes and elsewhere cultivate tung, tea, and galla nuts. Each group has its own distinctive handicrafts, notably embroidery and cross-stitch work. The Dong people live in their own autonomous counties in the extreme southwest, with their centers at Tongdao and Xinhuang counties. The Yao are widely scattered over the mountainous regions of the south and west.